Yazd Travel Guide
Natural and Historical Geography of Yazd Province
Geography of Yazd province
Due to its geographic location on the central plateau of Iran, Yazd province has a warm and dry climate. Stay tuned to get acquainted with the natural geography and history of this province.
In Yazd province, on the one hand, Shirkooh heights (4075 m high) affected this region by its positive factors, because of being in the valley. The air in this part of the province is relatively mild. But on the other hand, in the center and east of the province, there are abandoned salt slabs and wide open-air plains that have increased the degree of dryness and the severity of desertification.
The climate of Yazd province is dry because of two main reason. First, it is located on a dry belt of the world, and is far from the Oman Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the inner lakes and wetlands. With the exception of the Shirkooh mountainous region, other parts of Yazd province have warm, dry and desert climate, which become drier from west and southwest to northeast and east.
Yazd province has a severe limitation in terms of rainfall, and there is always a fraction of water in it. The average annual rainfall in different parts of the province varies and increases with height, but the change is not the same. According to the annual rainfall maps, rainfall in Yazd province in the Kaveh region such as Siyah Kuh, Rig Zarrin and Doranjir is less than 500 mm per year and the rain line is 100 mm.
The annual rainfall of the province in Shirkooh dam is 350 millimeters a year. In the Bavanat and Bajegan regions is up to 300 millimeters, and finally in the mountains and the Kharanaq is 200 to 250 millimeters. Most of the rainfall in the province occurs in the winter, and then the spring and autumn rainfall, in the lowland areas is almost zero and in the highlands is also negligible.
Animal Species of Yazd province
Covering about 12.5 million hectares of natural resources and located on the edge of the central desert of Iran, Yazd province is considered to be one of the driest regions of the country. The natural resources of the province include 5.9 million hectares of desert lands, 6.5 million hectares of pasture. These places provide important and effective roles in the socio-economic development of the province.
Animal Species of Yazd province
Due to its wide range of habitats and also the existence of different sub-climates such as Shirkooh heights, the proximity to the Zagros area in the south and southwest, and the diversity of topographic forms, this province has a wide variety of biological diversity. According to available information, 130 species of birds, 50 species of mammals, 40 reptile species and more than 800 species of plants have been identified in the province so far.
In addition to these variations, what makes Yazd environment more valuable than most of the country's habitats is the presence of native species or animals such as Asian cheetahs, Iranian zebra, caracal, leopard, ram, eagle, goat, sand fox, Black Belly Calf, Golden Eagle, Spider and many more. According to many experts, more than half of the Asian cheetah population lives in Yazd province.
History and culture
Yazd is influenced by the effects of the glorious and brilliant cultural heritage and ancient civilization of Iran's various historical periods. The ancient and historic remains of the surviving sites scattered throughout this province, and they indicate the ancient civilization of this land. The discovered works of the Elamite period, including the stone carvings and a piece of tapestries obtained at Narin Qal'eh, indicate that Yazd province is on the paths of ancient Ray to Kerman and Pars to Khorasan. During the Pishdadian era, tribes moving from Balkh to Pars called this land Yazdan. Since then Yazd has been the site of worship. The history of Yazd city is due to the presence of Narin Castle dates back to the Sassanian period. The city of Yazd has been at the head of all these villages as a sacred place. The lush valleys and bay areas, springs, heights and peaks, caves, wildlife, hunting grounds, and especially desert attractions, are one of the most interesting natural features of this province. Some of which are among the important promenades in the province.
The people of Yazd province speak Persian with some dialectal features. Some dialectal features are tangible among the cities of this province. Linguists have divided Persian language into the West and East. The Yazdi dialect is among the central part of the West side. This accent is prevalent in the western part of Iran's Plateau. Zoroastrians living in the Yazd province speak the language of their ancestors among themselves in this area. The Zoroastrian language of Yazd has become very mixed with Farsi due to the wide association of its speakers with the Farsi speakers, as well as the productivity of the mass media, social media, cultural and economic factors.
Zoroastrian in Yazd
Before the arrival of the Muslims in Iran, the people of Yazd were like Zoroastrians. With the extinction of the Sassanian rule in the first half of the first century, Most people in many parts of Iran, including Yazd province, converted to Islam, but some of them continued to pay royalties and retained Zoroastrianism. The people of Yazd province are Muslims and followers of Shia.
Souvenirs and crafts
In addition to textiles and fabrications, a variety of specialties are also available that are popular throughout Iran and even around the world. Major sweets from Yazd include Baklava, Qottab, Luznargil, Cotton candy, Haj Badam, Haj Pistachio and a variety of sweet and delicious cookies.
History of Yazd
History of Yazd in Iran
The city of Yazd is the first historical and "clay city" in the world. Among the Iranians, the city of Yazd is known as the city of wind, and in fact, winds are the respiratory system of the city. This city is located in the east of Isfahan and south of Kavir Lut. It has been turned recently into provincial governorate and is considered among the richest cities in Iran. The three sides of the east and south and the north are surrounded by mountains and it is open to the western side, which reaches the western road of Ardakan, Nain, Esfahan, as well as Kashan, and in the south by the road Taft, Abraqo and Shiraz. It reaches from the eastern roads to Kerman and Zahedan province, as well as the provinces of southern ports. Through the Tabas road it reaches to Mashhad. And because of these roads, Yazd has become an economic crossroads in the country.
The word Izazd is the descendant and the root of Yazd, and is derived from the Avestan yazata. It is derived from the old Iranian cities, attributing to the Sassanid II Yazdegerd II. The city was a strong fortress, and the countryside was next to the desert, with two iron gates, the gates of Izad, and the gates of the Masjed. According to Ibn Ibn Hoghal and Yaqut Hamawi, Yazd has been an important part of the Persian Empire. Yazdegerd with three of his commanders drove, and ordered Aghda to build three villages in this part, and they constructed three villages with their own names In the Sassanid period.
At the time of Yazdgerd III (his reign was 632 651), Yazd fell into the hands of the Osman armies, and the people of Yazd, with the acceptance of the paying money, remained Zoroastrian. However, People of this area gradually turned into Islam. Yazd was sacred to Zoroastrians, and now there is a fire temple in this city. This temple has remained a holy place for the Zoroastrian since the pre-Islamic era. In the history of Pahlavi, the city of Yazd is considered to be constructed by Arshir Babakan, which Shar-e-babak is one of the important part of Yazd that refers to this person.
The narrative recently spoken about the old name of Yazd by the late Hassan Pirnia in the book Ancient History, Volume II, in which he mentioned the old name of Yazd as Isatitis or Farafer. He was a resident of Nayin and fully aware of the history of Yazd, saying that the name of the city of Yazd was in ancient Isatitis or Farafer and was annexed to one of the provinces of Achaemenid during their reign. Yazd is a Zoroastrian center and two thousand Zoroastrians reside there. The air of Yazd, due to its proximity to the desert, is relatively dry and its rainfall is very small. Yazd water is supplied from very deep water wells.
Shopping Centers in Yazd
Yazd is known for its wind turbines and its desert, but these are not the only things you can see in this unique city. There are many shopping malls in Yazd that you can find many attractive and beautiful handcrafts.
Aria Shopping Mall
This 5 floor shopping center that was founded in 2008 has a parking floor, 3 commercial floors and one floor restaurant. You can find all the items you need there, including men's clothing, footwear, women's and children's wear, leather goods, jewelry, scarves, rugs, toys, perfumes, glasses, kitchen appliances, foodstuffs, electronic appliances, etc.
Shaghayegh Shopping Mall
This 4-storey mall has two commercial floors and two floors for offices. the commercial section of which supplies women's clothing, men's and children's wear, cosmetics, bags and shoes, and so on.
Almas Shopping center
In this two-storey shopping center, you can buy goods such as women's clothing, men's and children's clothes, bags and shoes, cosmetics, toys, jewelry, rhinestones, etc. One of the key points of this complex is the existence of a coffee shop.
Kuwaitis Shopping Center
One of the most beautiful centers in Yazd is Kuwaitis Shopping Center, where you can buy jewelry and a variety of gold.
Aladdin Mobile Market
This mall is the place to buy and sell all kinds of mobile phones, tablets, accessories and software.
Shahab Shopping Center
Shahab Two-storey Commercial Complex is a mobile phone sales center. Despite the high prices, the quality of the goods is acceptable.
Setareh Yazd Shopping Center
This place is one of the best shopping centers in Yazd. in addition to supplying high quality goods such as men's and women's clothing, toys, etc., you can use other facilities such as a game room, a coffee shop, a billiards lounge and a bodybuilding club.
Grand Bazar of Yazd
Grand Bazar of Yazd
The collection of Yazd old markets in Pahlavi and during the construction of Shah's Street was divided into two halves. Some of these markets were demolished during the division such as Mohammad Ali Khan's market, Orsi market, and Panje Ali market.
In this market, you can buy fabrics, gold, carpets and traditional pastries. There is the Mazari workshop (Henna's site), the Halva workshop (the place where Sesame is converted to Halva Ardeh) and the dyeing workshop.
Grand Bazar of Yazd, Iran
The Ghanbar market, which is the oldest part of Grand Bazar of Yazd, belongs to the 13th century and is part of Amir Chakhmaq historical and cultural complex.
The Darwazeh Mehriz with thirty-eight meters in length, at the time of the Gurkanids, was established by Ali Agha.
The Tabrizian market belongs to the Qajar era, which is located at the end of the Panje Ali market. The architecture of this part of the Grand Bazaar is very spectacular and beautiful.
The Zargari market, which dates back to the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, is now 94 meters long and is located in the northern section of Khayyam Street. The architecture of this part is also very beautiful.
Yazd Hall Restaurant
The first and one of the best restaurants in Yazd is Yazd Hall Restaurant or Agha Ghahveh chi. This restaurant was called Hajji Ashpaz in the past. This restaurant has several halls, including a wedding hall. If you are looking for a delicious taste of Iran and specially Yazd traditional food, do not forget this restaurant. Among the most important features of this restaurant is the reasonable price of food, and its distance from the city center. Yazd's restaurant is always crowded because of its popularity among people. So if you want to be there, we recommend you to have lunch before 12 o'clock.
Malek Al-Tojar Restaurant
Malek Al-Tojar Restaurant in Yazd
This Restaurants with traditional spaces and architecture attract a lot of attention. If you are eager to see these traditional places, go to Malek Al-Tojjar Restaurant. The restaurant was built in the past and has its own unique atmosphere. In addition to unique architecture, delicious and high quality food, the service is also acceptable. The menu of this restaurant includes traditional Iranian meals.
Moshir Garden Restaurant
Moshir Garden Restaurant in Yazd
Moshir Garden Restaurant, with its stout and ancient trees, hills, pools and beautiful fountains, and the sound of birds, is the place for serving traditional and international meals in Yazd. This restaurant that has made of 4 other restaurants, has a coffee shop with a menu of Persian, French, and English cuisine.
Moshir Garden Restaurant is the main restaurant of this complex with a capacity of 250 people in the garden center. The menu of this restaurant includes a variety of Iranian, foreign and seafood dishes.
At Yazd Restaurant, you can order a variety of local cuisine and a variety of hot and cold drinks in a relaxing and beautiful atmosphere.
Despite the modern name of the coffee shop, this place has traditional space and architecture, with colorful walls. In this coffee shop, you can order desserts, ice cream, Yazd candy, hot and cold drinks.
Like the other two, this restaurant is located in an old building, which has created a very pleasant atmosphere for people. The waiters will bring the food in the tray and, if desired, the hookah is also provided. The menu of this beautiful restaurant includes all kinds of Iranian and traditional cuisine, the most popular of which are Kebabs and Fesanjoon. You can try all traditional dishes that are popular in Yazd in this restaurant.
If you enjoy a delicious, high quality pizza in Yazd, do not forget Caesar's restaurant. This is a very stylish restaurant with live music (piano) and romantic space. The menu of the Caesar's restaurant includes Italian cuisine. Our offer for you is Pizza Steak, Pizza Margarita, Garlic Bread, Alfredo Pasta, and Beverages.
Panahande Restaurant with a 60-year history is one of the best cafes in the city of Yazd. But this Restaurant is different from the other cafes you've seen so far, because only a special meal is served in this cafe . The foods that are served in this place are very popular among all people, both native and non-native people.
Space and decoration of this place is very nice and beautiful. Panahande Restaurant welcomes customers all day long. Another positive point of this place is its placement on the traditional Panje Ali market. This means a delicious break after the tour and visiting this traditional market.