Kermanshah Travel Guide
This province is connected to Kurdistan province from the north, from the south to Lorestan and Ilam provinces, from east to Hamedan and west to Iraq.
Kermanshah Province has had 11 towns, 19 cities, 24 districts, 83 villages in 1375. The city of Kermanshah is the capital of Kermanshah province, and the other cities of this province include Islamabad Gharb, Paveh, Javanrood, Sarpol-e Zahab, Sangar, Ghasre Shirin, Kermanshah, Congavar, Gilan-Gharb and Harris.
Kermanshah is a mountainous region and is located between the Iranian plateau and the Mesopotamia plain. All over of this region is covered by peaks and heights of the Zagros mountains range.
Kermanshah city in west of Iran
The dating of residence in the current province of Kermanshah return back to the millennium BC In the works of Sargan-Shah Akkad, which commanded the southern part of Mesopotamia from 2048 to 2030 BC. In that time, the Zagros people were referred to as Ariasan Olahi.
How to travel and enter the province:
The international airport of Ashrafi Esfahani, the general airport of Kermanshah, is used as the most important airport in the west of the country. This airport is located near Imam Khomeini Square (airport).
The Kermanshah railway runs its initial stages and has not yet been opened. The nearest railway station to Kermanshah is Malayer Railways.
The common route from all directions (except southern country, Kurdistan and the region of Azerbaijan) is east of Kermanshah city and after passing from Hamedan Province, it finally leads to Kermanshah Square (airport).
Another route for travelers coming to Kermanshah is from the south of the country. After passing through Ilam province, this route reaches the city of Islamabad, and is divided into two branches. The western route goes to the Ghaser-e Shirin and then to Iraq, and the eastern route passes through the highway of Karbala to Kermanshah and eventually reaches the Azadegan field in Kermanshah.
The third route to reach the city of Kermanshah is a route that passes from Kurdistan province and Sanandaj city and is a common route for travelers coming from the provinces of northwest to Kermanshah province.
The fourth route is entering the province from the south-east and is suitable for travelers coming from Lorestan, Kohkiluyeh and Boyerahmad, Isfahan, Chahar Mahal, Bakhtiari and Fars provinces. This route passes from Lorestan and Khorramabad city and reaches the city of Harsin in Kermanshah province and from there it connects to the main route of the province and finally reaches Imam Khomeini Square in Kermanshah.
The fifth route is suitable for travelers coming to Kermanshah from Iraq, Kurdistan, or Syria. This path reaches Ghaser Shirin city from the Khosrawi border and runs through the highway of Karbala to Azadegan Square in Kermanshah.
Shahid Kaviani terminal, the entrance to the city of Kermanshah is from the east, and you can travel from the Tehran road to this terminal.
The Karbala road terminal is the entrance to the city from the west, and travels from Baghdad and Erbil to this terminal.
Kermanshah is one of the most ancient cities in Iran, which is said to have been made by Tahmouris, the legendary king of ancient times in Iran. Some historians attribute it to Bahram, the king of Sassanid.
Kermanshah reached its peak at the time of Ghobad I and Anushiruwan(Khosrow I). In the tenth century, one of the Islamic historians has been mentioned Kermanshah as a beautiful city in the midst of trees and watersheds.
Early in the reign of Shah Isma'il Safavi, Sultan Murad Aq Qoyongler occupied Kermanshah and Hamadan 70,000 people. Safavid paid attention to this city in order to prevent the possible invasion of the Ottoman Empire.
During the time of Sheikh Ali Khan Zangan, the Chancellor of Safavid, he added to the prosperity of Kermanshah, but during the Afshari period he was attacked by the Ottomans. But Nader Shah retreated the Ottomans. At the end of the life of Nader Shah, Kermanshah encountered the Ottoman siege and plunder and suffered a lot of chaos.
In 1850, Emamgholi Mirza was appointed by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar to the borders of Kermanshah, and ruled the city for 25 years. During this period, he built and rebuilt several monuments. This city contributed to the constitutional movement and in World War I and the Second World War, it was seized by foreign forces and was evacuated after the end of the war. The city also suffered a lot in Iraq's imposed Iraq war against Iran.
The name Eslamabad-e Gharb was the First Mandli. Then and after the Arab invasion, one of the Arab commanders drove to the city and built it and it became known as the city of Harun Abad.
In 1891, the name of the city changed to Shah Abad of Gharb. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution, the name of the city was changed to Eslamabad-e Gharb. This city boomed during Safavid times, especially during Shah Abbas, and caravansaries were built to accommodate merchants, travelers and pilgrims of Imam Hossein. Some parts of the city have interesting and historical record.
Sarpol-e Zahab is located near the ruins of the old town of Helwan and is placed near a ruined castle. Sarpol-e Zahab was the fortress and border of Iran, which was destroyed during the Arab invasion and they left behind its brickwork.
In the historical books, this area is named as the fortress and the border of Iran, which was destroyed during the Arab invasion of Iran and its remains of the brick bases remained.
In historical books, this area is named as Zahab, the capital of the state of Helwan. The word Zahab in the word means (distilled water, good and also means springs and water sources).
Apparently, due to the existence of fountains and abundant mirage, this city is famous for the Zahab. Another name for this area (Sar-e Pul) is the name of the bridge over the Alvand River, 12 km from Zahab. The bridge was destroyed in 1966.
Sonqor is a Persian word meaning "bird". There is no clear information about the history of this city, but during the Seljuk period, the Amiran Sangkhar was a famous commander there.
It is said that the city of Sangar was originally a Mongolian camp that later became the city. At the time of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, his son Fathullah Mirza was appointed to the governorate of Sonqor.
Then the area was merged with the Kangavar, Malayer, and Tuyserkan regions under the rule of Prince Sheykh Ali Mirza (son of Fath-Ali Shah). At the time of Naser al-Din Shah, Sonqor was added to Asad Abad. Nowadays, the city of Sonqor is one of the most beautiful parts of Kermanshah province, which is located in a beautiful plain and is surrounded by rivers, grasslands, and gardens.
The city of Sahneh was another part of the city of Kermanshah, which has become an independent part in recent years. Some area of this city is also from the old and historical regions of Kermanshah province, and there the remains and works of the past have been kept.
Qasr-e Shirin is one of the oldest cities in Iran. The city's construction is attributed to Khosrow Parviz of Sassanid, the city was also available in the Achaemenid era.
Around the current city, you can see the ruins of the Qasr-e Shirin, which is said to have been a vast garden with palaces during the reign of Khosrow Parviz(Khosrow II). the Mahboubeh Shirin's winter palace is also located in the same place.
The famous myths of Shirin and Farhad have been taken from Qasr-e Shirin
name. After the Arabs invaded, the Shirin palace was destroyed and remained in the 1853 as a small courtyard. During the First World War, Qasr-e Shirin was the border between the troops of the German states and the Ottomans on the one hand, and Russia and England on the other. The city has now expanded to become a great and attractive city.
Kangavar is one of the oldest Iranian cities that dates back to the Sassanid era. After the defeat of Iran, the Arabs named it Qasr-ol-Sush. Kangavar has been of special significance because of its proximity to Anahita's ancient temple.
This city was working until Sassanid era, but it was destroyed after the Arab conquest. At present, the remains of the castle of the ruins of the Anahita Temple remain in the gypsum area.
In this city, Khosrow Parviz built a pillars of plaster and brick on a plate. In the eleventh century, Ruby Hamwi writes that the Sassanid buildings are twenty yards above the surface of the earth. Kangavar has a national and international reputation for the remains of the Anahita Palace or Temple.
Gilan-e Gharb is one of the oldest cities in Kermanshah, which was frequently mentioned in historical writings.
The ruins of the village of Gilan-e Gharb are located at the southwest of Kermanshah, on the way to Kermanshah, and Baghdad. These hail-shaped ruins are likely to have been constructed in defense and security imperatives.
In these hills, large bricks were discovered that are signs of the hills dating back to ancient time, and possibly large firecracks related to the mosques, which were dedicated to one of the gods during the Parthian period. The city of Gilan is the western habitat of Kalahar.
Harsin is one of the ancient regions of Kermanshah. In this area, works of the Sassanid era, including the mountains, the rocky pond, the blue clocks, the stone arch, the stone steps, the castle and other works, have been discovered.
The province's unemployment rate was about 15 percent in the fall of 1994, which is one of the highest unemployment rates in the country, and of course this is a 30-year-old situation in the province and not related to the recent years.
Part of the economic resources of Kermanshah province are industrial factories. Kermanshah was the center of handicrafts because of its geographical location and the need for people living in biodata. On the other hand, the nomadic way of livelihood in the province provides favorable conditions for the development of handicrafts. Handicrafts of this province include carpets, jajim and various kinds of Giveh.
Souvenir is an integral part of all travels. In Kermanshah, there are also various souvenirs including handicrafts and sweets that you can buy as souvenirs for your travels. Here are some of them.
Rice bread from Kermanshah
There is no one who has not heard and has not tried about the Rice bread in Kermanshah. Of course, these sweets are made in many parts of Iran, but Kermanshah Rice bread has another flavor and is well known and popular among tourists. Rice flour, eggs, sugar, oil, rose water, and seeds are used to make Rice bread. Bread is baked in a variety of simple saffron dishes.
Sugar bread is another kind of sweets that are used to make wheat flour instead of rice flour.
The history of Rice bread in Kermanshah dates back to 150 years ago and to the Qajar regime. Since 150 years ago it has been one of the most famous souvenirs of Kermanshah. In 2012, in the 7th Council for the Regulation of Spiritual Records in Shahroud, several works from Kermanshah were nationalized, one of which was Rice bread.
Kaak from Kermanshah
Kaak is a traditional Iranian pastry that is also available in other areas such as Shiraz and Kermanshah. This pastry is made from very thin dough and is very light, delicious and energetic. In the preparation of it, use wheat flour, sugar or powdered sugar, eggs, cinnamon, oil, cardamom and water, and pour pistachio powder on it. You can also use coconut powder or almond slice to decorate it.
Date bread from Kermanshah
One of the gourmet souvenirs of Kermanshah is Date bread. In the preparation of this high-energy bread, you can use flour, butter or animal oil, yogurt, dates, powder of a variety of grains such as walnuts, almonds, pistachios, cinnamon and saffron. Date bread is known in the local language of Kermanshah as "Khani bread" and can be obtained from all the supermarkets.
Another valuable souvenir of Kermanshah is animal oil or Kermanshah oil. Animal oil is a product made of milk from sheep and cows. Due to the suitable climate, the pastures and plains of Kermanshah are a good forage for feeding animals, which has greatly influenced the flavor of Kermanshah oil and made the animal oil of Kermanshah famous in Iran. Animal oil is obtained from cow and sheep milk, then dough is made from them and the animal oil or Ghee is taken from the dough. Due to the fact that it is taken from milk, animal oil has all the properties of milk and makes the food very pleasant and delicious.
Jajim from Kermanshah
Handcrafts like carpets, Glims and jajim are woven in all parts of Iran. Their main difference is usually in their design, and even the colors that weavers use with their taste in their texture.
Among the various carpet roles, the role of "bracing" is indigenous to Kermanshah. Of course, there are other motifs on the carpets of this area which are a bit different.
Glimbafi is one of the other arts and crafts in this area. The women here produce Glim at workshops and home in Harsin.
Jajim is a tissue of wool that is used to warm the body during the cold winter, and is used by most nomadic and rural families. The best-known Jajim can be purchased from Handcrafts shops in Kermanshah.
Moj Bafi is a cloth of wool, and is one of the most beautiful crafts in Kermanshah, which is used to make bedspreads, curtains, etc. The design of these woven fabrics is more of a four-storey building, black and white, red, and curly.
Of course, the art of weaving today does not have a boom in the past and is woven only for special customs. Buying these handbags as souvenirs can boost these arts as well as boost the economy and attract more tourists in the region.
Giweh, Traditional Iranian shoe, is produced in various cities and provinces of the country, including in the provinces of Fars, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari, Isfahan, Hamedan, and Markazi. Kermanshah is also one of the centers where Giweh is produced. Even today, many old people prefer these light and comfortable shoes to the modern ones.
In order to make carpet weave, silk thread and rubber foam are used and all stages of production are made by hand.
Among other handicrafts and souvenirs in Kermanshah, we can name bagels, metal implements such as saddle and harness, tools and of work and hunting, knives, sugar slicers, locks and keys … There are a variety of musical instruments such as Daf, Tantara, Tanbor, Divan, Jamaz and Rosary.