Things to do in Yazd
Things to do in Yazd
Things to do in Yazd
Yazd is one of the central cities of Iran that has many tourist attractions. This city is the capital of Yazd province, located in the vast plain of Yazd-Ardakan between Shirkouh and Kharanaq mountains. This city was called Dar al-‘Alm and Dar al-‘Abadah in the past. It is the first City of Clay, and after Venice in Italy, this is the second most historic place in the world. The hospitable people of Yazd host many international and domestic tourists who travel to the city to visit its historic magnificence. In this article, we are going to introduce some of the attractions of this place. With precise planning you can visit all of these interesting sites.
Those who travel to the central cities of Iran, place Yazd as one of their most important destinations. Those who love deserts and places like that, should select Yazd among their important goals for their journey. History, culture, art are among the important attraction of this city. You can find these features in nearly all parts of the city. Stay tuned to get acquainted with other interesting sights. The most important Things to do in Yazd are written in below.
Lariha House is one of the historic places of Yazd, dating back to the Qajar era. This house is located in Fahadan neighborhood and adjacent to the Kolah Farangi House. The mansion is made up of 6 houses with a desert-specific architecture, belonging to one of Yazd’s renowned merchants, Haj Mohammad Ibrahim Lari. The house is also built in such a way that it cannot be seen from around, and its privacy is completely preserved. The design of this house, like other desert houses, is the one that offers the most shadow and cool atmosphere on the hot summer days for its residents. Lariha House was registered on February 17, 1996 in the National Iranian Book List. Visit this house is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Jameh Mosque of Yazd
Jameh Mosque of Yazd was built around 100 years ago and has been renovated several times. The main bases of the mosque were built during the Sassanid period and completed in the Ilkhani and Timurid era. The architectural style of this mosque was constructed in Azeri style. Jame Mosque of Yazd
is about 9,800 square meters and its length and width are 104 and 99 meters respectively. This mosque has 7 entrance and exit door in several altitudes. During the Qajar period, the reconstruction and restoration of this building was carried out extensively, which caused the appearance of the mosque to be completely different. Jame Mosque of Yazd was registered on July 31, 1934 with number 206 in the National Iranian Book List. Seeinig this mosque is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Amir Chakhmaq Complex
Amir Chakhmaq Complex in Yazd includes the market, Mosque and two Abanbars. Amir Chakhmaq Square is one of the most important historical and tourism collections in Yazd. The collection dates back to the Timurid era. Jalaloddin Amir Chakhmaq, the ruler of Yazd, was the founder of this collection at that time. This collection was registered on September 1, 1999 with the number 2416 in the list of national works of Iran. Seeinig this complex is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Shish Badgiri Ab Anbar
The Ab Anbar of Shish Badgiri in Yazd is a six-winding alley that includes six wind turbines and two thousand-meter cisterns. It dates back 180 years ago and was built during the Qajar period. Three windmills were made from the beginning of the building and three others were added later. On November 4, 1979, Shish Badgiri Ab Anbar was registered on the National Iranian Book List. Seeinig this kind of architecture is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Zein-o-din Caravanserai was built 400 years ago under the command of Shah Abbas Safavid. This building is made of two floors and with materials such as bricks. This Caravanserai is located 60 km from Yazd-Kerman Road and won the 2006 Best UNESCO Reconstruction Award. Seeinig this kind of architecture is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Dowlat Abad Garden
Dowlat Abad Garden is one of the most beautiful gardens in Iran, and the world’s tallest wind turbine is also located in this place. This garden was built in the late Afsharid dynasty area of about 70,000 square meters, which includes buildings, pools and beautifully decorated waterfalls. There is a 200-year-old historical aqueduct in this garden, which consists of five strata of qanats and originates from Mehriz highlands. This collection was registered on March 23, 1964 at No. 774 in the National Iranian Book List. Seeinig this garden is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Khan Bath is another remnant of the Qajar era and is also known as the Noor Bath. In the past, most of the city’s elders used it, and that’s why they called it Khan’s bathroom. The bathroom is made up of an area of 1,170 square meters and consists of various parts called Gaveroton, Shahshin and Khazneh. Today, the bathroom was renovated and used as a traditional cafeteria and restaurant.
Rostam Geev Ab Anbar
Rostam Geev Ab Anbar is another ancient waterfall of Yazd dating back to the Qajar era. This waterfall is located on the outskirts of Yazd in Basij Boulevard. Since Yazd is located in the desert region of Iran, supply and storage of water have been very important, which is why the Rostam Geev Ab Anbar also played a significant role in this regard. The construction of this place took 2 years and all of its construction costs was provided by Rostam Geev. Among The most important features of this waterfall is having two craters, and both Zoroastrian and Muslim neighborhoods (2 km apart) could use it. This monument was registered on December 15, 1996 with the number 1829 in the list of national works of Iran.
Mirror and Lighting Museum of Yazd
The Mirror and Lighting Museum of Yazd is located in Ayatollah Kashani Avenue, in the Mirror Palace. This mansion was built in 1941 by Sarrafzadeh and used as a private guesthouse. After the revolution, the house was confiscated and handed over to the Mostazafan Foundation. In 1998, the mansion was turned into a museum. This museum is the only museum dedicated to the issue of light in Iran. In this museum, a variety of shades, candlesticks, oil burners and electrical objects are publicly displayed. These objects are often made of pottery, glass, copper and bronze. The Mirror and Lighting Museum of Yazd was registered on September 2, 1999 in the National Iranian Book List. Seeinig museum is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Tower of Silence
Tower of Silence is located 15 kilometers south-east of Yazd. This building belonged to the Zoroastrians (the building was a cellar or a Zoroastrian court); they placed their bodies in the crypt so that the vultures would eat them. Then the remaining bones were poured into the space between the empty caves. The Zoroastrians did this to prevent soil contamination. Seeinig this tower is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Seyed Rokn Addin Mausoleum
Mausoleum of Seyed Rokn Addin Mohammad Ghazi is one of the important historical monument in Yazd. This monument is located next to the mosque of Yazd, and its beautiful dome is composed of two continuous shells in the form of shamrock. The mosaic tiles have been painted in azure, turquoise, blue and white colors. This complex consists of schools, libraries, mosques, clinic and Khanqah, but today only a small part of it remains. This building was registered on the National Iranian Book List in December 2014.
Ashkezar Water Mill
Ashkezar Water Mill was made during the Safavid era and is located 20 kilometers south-east of Yazd. This mill is one of the largest mills in Iran, and in the past its rocks worked with the water of Hemmat Abad Qanat. The entire collection of this mill was built underground (7 meters below ground), and the water required was provided by underground aqueducts. One of the most important features of this mill is that it is made in the heart of the desert. The mill was registered on August 11, 2007 with the number 2086 in the National Iranian Book List of Iran.
The Ziayei School, or Alexander’s prison, dates back to the 13th century and is located in the Fahadan neighborhood of Yazd. Some people believe that the construction of this place dates back to the Alexander era, and was used as a prison in that ear. Some say that this building was built by Ziad Al-Din Hossein Razi in 1233 and was completed in 1305 by his son. The dome of the Ziayeh School is made of clay, but unfortunately, many of its architectural decoration has been lost over the years. In this building, the well is located 2 meters in diameter in the middle of the courtyard, which runs to the chamber at a depth of 5 meters. The dome of this building is 18 meters high. The prison of Alexander was registered on March 13, 1966 with the number 1346 in the national list of Iran. Seeinig this historical prison is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Bahram fire temple
The fire temple of Bahram is located on Kashani Street. In this place, there is a sacred fire that is said to have been on from 1500 years ago. This fire temple was registered on September 22, 1999 with the number 2431 in the National Iranian Book List. Seeinig this fire temple is one of the most important things to do in Yazd.
Abul Maali Bath
Abul Maali Bath is located in the heart of the historic city of Yazd, facing the historic building of Alexander’s Prison, near the Mosque of Chehel Mehrab. Tourists can visit the most beautiful monuments of Yazd with a few minutes’ walk here.
This place was constructed with brick and gypsum, and the decorations used on the ceiling have a special beauty and originality. This bathroom was active up to 40 years ago. The structure of this building includes vestibule, entrance stairs, inlet space, numerous hot and cold water pools, a rest room, a fireplace, and … and represents a complete example of the architecture of the Qajar period.
Yazd Art House
This collection is located in the historical context of Fahadan and near the Alexander’s Prison and the Lariha House. It is interesting to know that the Malekzade family have longed lived in this house and still there is still a smell of life in its clay. The difference between this house and the other monuments is that you can experience a variety of activities while visiting this historic place, including drinking in a traditional Café, buying handicrafts from the Handicraft Arts House, Walking In the gallery, see the paintings depicting the art of Yazd artists and seeing the ancient Yazd texture from the roof of this house, which is known as the roof of Yazd.
The museum is located near the fire temple of Yazd. You can reach this place from the fire temple in less than 10 minutes’ walk. In this Museum, tourist can first get familiar with the history of Markar educational collection and the biography of the founder of this collection that is known as Pashoten, Jay Dowsabai. The Markar Museum is ready to host visitors from 16:30 to 20:30 every day during the week except Mondays.
Monument to Twelve Imams of Yazd
This monument, which is important due to the architectural style and the presence of valuable inscriptions, was constructed during the reign of Abu Jaffar Alaa al-Dawla Kakoyeh Dailami in 1037 on the building that was previously a fire temple and belonged to the Sassanid era. Unfortunately, over the course of centuries, since its establishment and due to the reconstruction and repair of damaged parts, a lot of changes have taken place in the original appearance of the tomb. According to some Iranianologists, the body of Abu Ja’far Alaa Al-Dawlah, who passed away in 1401, may have been buried in a part of this building that had been prepared before his death. According to the late Abbas Iqbal Amir Massoud, Abulanjam Badr and Amir Mozaffar Abvi Yaghoub the names of two of the creators of the tomb, which appear to be the same as the Ala-Dawlah’s colonels, are written on the inscription of the Iron Gate. The two were Abu Masoud Beheshti and Abu Yaghoub Eshaq, the nephews of the Togrol Seljuks who were captured in the 1403 by their enemy in that time. Today, one of the historical neighborhoods of Yazd is also named after one of these colonels. Unfortunately, in addition to the millennial dating of this place, there are many cracks in the ground floor under the foundation of this monument, which is alarming to the authorities and requires the efforts of the officials of the cultural heritage to preserve and restore this valuable ancient work.
The tomb of the Twelve Imams of Yazd is a quadrangle turned into an octagon and a dome is placed on this octagon. On the four sides of this monument, there are earrings that are embedded in each of these mosques. The brightness of this monument is due to the presence of windows in all four parts of the tombstone. Ancient Iranianologists believe that the mosque that is located in this building belongs to the seventh or eighth centuries. They consider the presence of the altar in this historical building as a proof for their claim.
A view the dome and walls
It is worth mentioning that the Twelve Imams of Yazd is an important monument due to the type of construction that has survived since its establishment for thousands of years. It is design is unique and used as a model for the construction of similar buildings in Iran’s historical sites. The cornerstone of the tomb dome is one of the oldest treasuries in Iranian architecture. The design complements this unique cornering by placing twelve rows of niche on each side, which are gradually built to the front. They have used a simple design on the front of the alter to decorate the interior design of this brick-built construction. This design has brought a breathtaking beauty to this place. It is very similar to that of the Ilkhani monuments, which seems to be the same with that and used during the Timurid era. Inside its altar, there is a marble rock that mentioned the name of twelve Imams and at the end of it, a name of one of the famous celebrities of Yazd is written.
The entrance features of the twelve Imam’s tombstone can include an arched forehead, a rectangular frame that may contain inscriptions and important writings, as well as entries surrounding the entrance. Probably the only way to access the roof is to use the ladder, since for this historic building no steps have been taken to drive the winding. The walls of the cobb has a wonderful colorful paintings and inscriptions written in the Kufic script.