Things to do in Qazvin
Things to do in Qazvin
Qazvin is one of the western cities of Iran that dates back to the Sassanid era. With it’s ancient history, it has historic monuments and many tourist attractions. The best Things to do in Qazvin are mentioned below.
Qazvin is one of the great cities of Iran and the capital of Qazvin province. This city was the capital of the country during the Safavid rule for 57 years, and it has many historic buildings and museums. This city is the capital of Iran’s great calligraphy, and one of its most famous calligraphers is Mir Emad Qazvini. Qazvin is in the midst of a connection between the northern and western provinces of the country. While unaware of the tourist attractions and places of interest, many tourists may have crossed the city on their route. In this article, we would like to introduce you to the historical and tourist attractions of this city. So that in your next trip, Qazvin may be among your destination. Furthermore, besides enjoying its spectacular views, you can also enjoy its pleasant climate.
Bazaar of Qazvin
Bazar of Qazvin with its traditional and interesting architecture is one of the most spectacular places in this city. This market is made up of a number of Caravanserais and Timches. One of the historic places where travelers from the beautiful city of Qazvin do not miss visiting is the historic and spectacular collection of the market.
When the city of Qazvin was selected as the capital of Iran during the Safavid era, construction in this city flourished. The Qazvin market and the plans of Caravanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh are the memorials of this period. The market continued to grow during the Qajar period, and caravansaries, squares, and temples were added to it.
The present market collection dates back to the Safavid period, but most of its existing buildings were built during the Qajar era. The architecture of the Qazvin bazaar has been formed during the Safavid era, and the architecture of the markets of Isfahan and Shiraz dates back to the same period. During the 9th century, this market has moved from the south to the north, so that Qazvin mosque was completely separated from the market, and there was no connection between the market and the mosque.
Qaiserie of Qazvin with brick vaults and very high altitude, are parts of the Qazvin market that has remained since the old time. The market is equipped with four doors that opens in all directions.
From the most important parts of this market, we can name the Al-Nabi mosque, Saray-e Sa’ad-al-Saltaneh, Saray-e Vazir, Saray-e Haj Reza, Saray-e Razavi, Saray-e Khoshnevisan, Saray-e Shah, Saray-e Naqd Ali, Saray-e Haj Mohammad Baqer, Saray-e Dalan Deraz, Saray-e Zarrab Khaneh, Saray-e Negar Al-Saltaneh, Saray-e Beheshti, Qeysariye Market, Sa’diye Bath, Razavi Thermal Bath and Yard of Championship. This monument was registered on January 5, 1977, number 1021 in the national list of Iranian works. Visiting this Bazaar is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
Al-Nabi Mosque is located on the southern side of Imam Khomeini Street along the Qazvin market. There is still Friday prayer hold in this mosque. However, there is opportunities for tourists to visit this site as well. This mosque, like the Qazvin mosque, is equipped with Shabestan that is a gathering place for the people. The area of the mosque is about 14,000 square meters and has vast courtyards, and its architecture is unique in its kind. The mosque was built during Qajar period by the supervision of Fath Ali Shah in the courtyard of Vazir or Chal Vazir. This place was among the endowment of Aqa Jamal.
This mosque has three entrances (north, east and west), each with a magnificent courtyard. The north side is decorated with tiles and its inscription was written in Nastaliq method. In the eastern and western porcelain inscriptions, the surah of “Am Yatesalun Al-Nana Al-Azim” was written and in the inscriptions of the northern and southern part, the surah of “Al-Eti Ali Al-Anzan Hanim Al-Dahir” was written. The Al-Nabi Mosque of Qazvin was registered on January 15, 1931, with the number 122 on the list of national works of Iran.
The Chehel sotoun Museum Palace or the Shah Tahmasb Mansion is one of the most important historical monuments in the city of Qazvin. The construction of this site dates back to the Safavid era, and it is also located in the center of this city in Azadi Square. It is said to be the only remaining castle from the royal palaces of the Shah Tahmasb era. When Qazvin was the capital, they called this mansion a Kolah Farangi. The museum holds paintings of the Safavid era. Visiting this historical mansion is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
Safavid Shah Tahmasb transferred the capital from Tabriz to Qazvin 1572. He ordered the prominent architects of the country to build a square-shaped garden in which to build high-rise mansions, halls, porches and other beautiful sites. It is said that Shah Tahmasb has built this place on a map of a Turkish architect. He used beautiful, elegant wooden windows to construct this building. During Qajar era, Qazvin governor Mohammad Baqer Sa’ad-al Saltanah rebuilt this mansion, and since then it was named by Chehel sotoun. The Chehel sotoun mansion of Qazvin was registered in the year 1955 with the number 389 on the National Iranian Book List.
Rafi Church is located on Taleghani Street in Qazvin and inside a school with the same name. This church was built during the first Pahlavi period on the grounds of this school. This school was considered as worship center of Armenians for a long-time in Qazvin. The brick building of this church is based on a chalet-type axis and its main space is rectangular and has 4 columns. The altar of the church is located on the east side and is separated by a few steps from the prayer hall. Visiting this beautiful church is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
On one sides of the altar, there are 2 small rooms. One door is located on the western side of the church, which leads to the location below the bell. The design of this space is octagonal. In addition to the Armenian general ceremony, the special ritual for the “Victory and the Ascension of Mary” will be held in August and Armenian cultural associations would come to the pilgrimage of this church.
Hammam Qajaris one of the oldest and largest bathes in Qazvin. This place was built in 1679 by Amir Goneh Khan Qazvini. He was from the commanders of Shah Abbas Safavid, and initially called it “shahin bath”. The bathroom has an area of 1045 square meters and consists of 3 main parts: Sarbineh, Mian Dar and Garm Khane. The female and male parts of Hammam Qajar were separate. the main door of the bathroom faces the south and ends with a spiral staircase leading to the valley. Visiting this bath is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
In 2000, the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization purchased this monument and the Qazvin municipality managed the renovation and refurbishment of this old site. Today, the bathroom has been transformed into an anthropology museum (in 3 sections of ethnic groups, customs and occupations). This work was registered on August 11, 2005, with the number 12601 in the National Iranian Book List.
Russian Church (Cantor Church)
The Cantor of Qazvin is the smallest church in Iran and the third smallest church in the world.
Qazvin is a city in which there are many historical monuments and if you travel to this city for tourism, a long list of tourist attractions will be there for you. One of these tourist attractions that you may have heard less about is a beautiful church. This church is known as the “Cantor Church” or “Russian Church” Symbol of Orthodox
The cross under the dome of this church is a symbol of orthodox Christians, with an oblique line on it. The reason for this diagonal line is that the Orthodox believe that, in addition to the hands of Jesus Christ, his legs were crossed in an oblique manner to cause more suffering. Others believe that this line is the course of human evolution and the symbol of heaven and hell.
After the Russians left Iran, the church was empty. Orthodox Christians are not inhabited in Iran, and this is why the building is now preserved as a monument. Of course, within this beautiful church, there are several handcrafted jewelry shops. Visiting this beautiful church is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
Jameh Mosque of Qazvi
Jameh Mosque of Qazvin that is also known as Atiq mosque or the Great Mosque of Qazvin, is one of the largest mosques in Iran. It is believed that this place is the oldest mosque built in Iran. At first this mosque was built on a remaining parts of a Sassanid building in a four-door style. The fire temple was in the south portions of the current mosque. In 813, Haroon-Rashid ordered the construction of the mosque; during the Mongol invasion of Iran, part of this place was destroyed, but soon restored. Visiting this harika mosqe is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
In Qazvin mosque, we see the architectural works of several different periods; the oldest part belongs to the second century of Islamic era. During the Safavid period, the porches were restored, but the eastern porch was restored during the Qajar period. In 1121, a new construction was started on the southern side of the mosque by the order of Amir Khamartash Ibn Abdullah Emadi, the Minister of Sultan of Malek Shah Seljuk. In May 2013, the western minaret of the mosque was restored and they began to work on the western side of this mosque. The mosque of Qazvin was registered on January 15, 1931, with the number 121 on the national monuments list.
Sepahdar Mansion is located at the end of the West Palestine Street of Qazvin. This place is one of the historic houses of the Qajar era in the city. This house belonged to Mohammad Vali Khan Sepanhsalar Tonkabi that is known as Sepehdad Azam. This place is considered as one of the famous Qajar sites, which is now used as a museum of agriculture. It is said that this house was built between 1944 and 1948. The construction of this building was inspired by the Shah Tahmasb mansion (Chehelsotun Palace of Qazvin) and the great guest house in Qazvin.
During the First World War, Russian and British troops used the house. And later, this property was taken over by the government due to the owners tax debts to the government. It consists of 2 floors, the first floor consists of several rooms, a corridor and a central hall. On the second floor there are a number of rooms and a rectangular table. The mansion of Sepahdar Garden of Qazvin was registered on March 3, 1998 with the number 2227 in the National Iranian Book List.
Sardar Bozorg Ancient Water reservoir
Sardar Bozorg Ancient Water reservoir is one of the most famous monuments of Qazvin. This water reservoir was built in 1812 in the Rayon. This Water reservoir is the largest single-dome waterfall in Iran and even in the world. This building has a tall dome and a bricks on its brick body. Two brothers named Mohammad Hassan Khan and Mohammad Husayn Khan, the commanders of the time of Fath Ali Shah, Mohammad Shah and Naser-al-Din Shah Baniyan, built this building with such unique features. surfing in this region is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
The capacity of this reservoir is more than 3 thousand cubic meters, which was considered as a major water supply system in the city. On the sides of the entrance, there is a large stone platform for sitting and resting. In general, this waterfall has 50 stone steps, each of which has an average height of 25 centimeters. These stone steps eventually reach the famous Canal to the main Way, which has a rugged roof. This monument was registered on September 8, 1954 with the registration number 1337 in the national list of national monuments.
Qazvin traditional gardens
The traditional gardens of Qazvin, which are spread out in the southern half of the city are more than a thousand years old, and the green memories of Iranian ancestors are in this area. Even Naser Khosrow, on his trip to Qazvin, mentions some information about Qazvin traditional gardens:
There was a lot of gardens; no walls and thorns, and no obstacle to entering them. surfing in this region is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
The area of these gardens is more than 2500 hectares and in the past it has been around the city. Because these gardens are irrigated in the traditional way, the water drowning, they are called traditional garden.
Aminiha Hosseiniyeh is one of the historic, and beautiful houses in Qazvin that dates back to the Qajar era. This house was built by Haj Mohammad Reza Amini, a merchant of Qazvin, in 1896. At that time about 48 thousand tomans were spent to build this house. Visiting this traditional hosseiniyeh is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
The mansion has 3 halls and two courtyards (north and south). The halls are parallel to each other, from east to west and between two courtyards. In the middle of the grand hall, there were 40 antique carpets. The ceiling of the boards has a painting, a mirror, a casket, a clasp and a wooden knot. Crypt, basement, sanitary ware and warehouse are among the other parts of this mansion.
Caravanseray of Sa’d al-Saltaneh
Caravanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh is the largest indoor caravanserai in Iran. The Qazvin governor, Sa’d al-Saltaneh ordered to build it during the Qajar period (late Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar). The quadrangle is the most valuable part of this building, which is made up of a tiled top dome over it; there are four sides of the dome, four polygons with a pattern and a lightning which makes the space appear larger. It has more than 2.6 hectares. Today, many parts of this series are rebuilt and refurbished and are under the auspices of the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization. The Palace of Sa’d al-Saltaneh was registered on August 11, 1979, with the number 2089 in the list of national works of Iran. Visiting this traditional caravanserai is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.
Valley of Alamut
Some of the most mysterious tourist attractions in Iran are in the valleys of Alamut and Shahrud. The magnificent slopes of the Alborz have spectacular inspirations that embody the beautiful scenery of Switzerland, Patagonia, the central regions of Australia and the highlands of Syria. Seeing these extravagant valleys becomes more tempting when you know that the natural beauty of this area has a mysterious and ancient scent. The remains of nearly 50 castles all over the Alborz slopes. These fortresses have been one of the most frightening religious sects of the Middle Ages. The most amazing of these castles is in the villages of Gazar (Alamut Castle) and Razmian ( Lambsar Castle).
Qazvin is 65 km to Razmian and 110 km to Gazar Khan. With a variety of vehicles, including taxis or private rides, you can experience a one-day trip. But a 3-day tour to find more about the unknown sites of Alborz slopes can add to your marvels. There is no need to get a tour guide, a local historian can explain the story of these castles well. If you decide to climb the Alborz to reach the northern slopes of this mountain, you will perform better with a mule and help from a guide. seeing this beautiful valley is one of the most important things to do in Qazvin.