Things to do in Khuzestan
Things to do in Khuzestan
Ahvaz, the world’s falafel capital
Things to do in Khuzestan
This city never sleeps! If you are interested in shopping, definitely, Ahvaz is one of your best selection. Visiting the city and seeing the bridges will be interesting, especially walking around the Karun and enjoying the surrounding scenery.
All the people who come to Khuzestan, should not miss going to Lashkar Abad. In this busy area, there are hundreds of kiosks and self-service Falafel shops. Varieties and Samosa , salads and pickles, and a kind of Kofta that are known as Kapeh is also found in Lashk Arabad. Interestingly, the price per sandwich is not more than 1500 Toman (50 Cents). Going to this crowded and interesting street is one of the most important things to do in Khuzestan.
Ahvaz Mountains and Stone Cemetery were built in the 1950s. The existence of the Asyiabad or Bisim Hill is one of the hallmarks of the ancient city of Hormuz Ardeshir. Identifying the historical gravestones, the hills of the mountains, the water source, and the extent of the remnants of this city proves the existence of Sassanid civilization here.
Moin Al-Tojjar Caravanserai
This building was related to Naser-Al-Din Shah’s period, and for many years it was closed to visitors. It is a few years that they have opened its gate for the visitors to have a look inside it. This place was built for the sake of the progress of the trade. Since it had been located on a business route from Karun to the sea, trade was prevalent in this area. The owner and constructor of this building built a mosque next to this place as well. Unfortunately, Moin Al-Tojjar Caravanserai suffered from a serious fire in the year 1995. Visiting this historical mansion is one of the most important things to do in Khuzestan.
Doctor Muhammad Ali Mapar Mansion
This mansion was built in Reza Shah Era and is now working as a traditional handicraft workshop. Stone basements, arches and wooden doors are the hallmarks of this building.
Abdul Hamid Market
Abdul Hameed Market is the oldest Ahvaz market that was built during the Qajar era and has been hosting the micro and macro trades of that time. There are two important buildings on this market; the courtyard caravanserai and the house of Dadras. Going to this Bazaar is one of the important things to do in Khuzestan.
Pol-e Sefid in Ahvaz was built on Karun in 1936. This bridge that is considered as the first suspended bridge in the Middle East has remained in this place for many years and has become a brilliant symbol of the city. Of course, Ahvaz has other spectacular bridges that are recommended for visiting as well. Across from this beautiful bridge in Ahvaz is one of the best things to do in Khuzestan.
Dezful Central Mosque
Dezful Central Mosque was built in the early Islamic period, in the ninth century, and was restored in the 13th century. The architecture of this building is a combination of the Sassanid era and the native architecture of Dezful and derived from the architecture of the Karkheh Palace. Its current architecture dates back to the Safavid period in 1671 and is one of the first mosques in Islam. Seeing this old mosque is one of the most interesting things to do in Khuzestan.
Dezful Old Bridge
The world’s oldest bridge that has remained there over the past 10 century is located in Dezful. This bridge has been used as the pedestrian and for riding cars for the past few years. Currently, only pedestrians are allowed to cross it. This bridge was built by the Roman captives during the Sassanid era. In addition, Water mills there were built around 1500 years ago, and used as mills and water closure in the past. Of course, today there is nothing left of these mills and what remains is from the Safavid period and the Qajar era.
Kornasian Bath (Anthropology Museum) is a beautiful architectural monument of the Qajar period in Dezful. This bath is located in the center of Kornasian Neighborhood in the northernmost part of the old side of Dezful. It 2006, they turned this bath into the Dezful Museum of Anthropology. The museum features traditional Dezful customs, as well as spectacular metallic works and manuscripts of Dezful’s characters. Among The important features of this building, we can name its location that is in the middle of a number of valuable monuments including large old houses, mosques, and also the tomb of one of the poets and great mystics of Dezful, Seyyed Abdullah Dai.
Karkheh Dam is one of the largest earth dams in the world and the largest earth dam in Iran and the Middle East. Karkheh Dam was built on the Karkheh River, 22 km northwest of Andimeshk city in Khuzestan province. Karkheh with a crest length of 3030 meters and a height of 127 meters is the largest dam in Iranian history. This dam is the largest artificial lake in Iran with the volume of reservoir of 7 billion and 300 million cubic meters.
Dez dam that is a hydroelectric dam was built during the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on the Dez River by an Italian consortium. This dam is located 23 kilometers northeast of Andimeshk. The dam drains 125,000 hectares of downstream land and plays an important role in controlling upstream floods. The dam’s power plant has a capacity of 520 megawatts.
Mostofi Restaurant and Museum
This house that is one of important houses of the Qajar era was owned by one of the renowned Shushtar Merchants that is known as Mohammad Ali Mostofi. This house was built in historical context in Khuzestan province, west of Shushtar city. To visit this historic mansion, you can see the guide to the path of the house, and after traveling to Shushtar city and crossing the Bateni Square, you can see the Mansion. Among the remarkable points about the Mostofi Restaurant and Museum is the changing of the usage of this mansion to the Shushtar Cultural Heritage Office in 1995 and then to the restaurant, museum and photographic library. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan.
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System
Shushtar’s water structures have remained from the Sassanid period, especially Shapur I, but their work was begun during the Achaemenid era. The Sasanians constructed these structures to divide the waters of the Karun River into different parts of Shushtar city. In addition to industrial use, this masterpiece of engineering has contributed to the supply of Shushtar’s drinking water. Our ancestors, thousands of years ago, succeeded in constructing miles of aquatic structures that played a large part in the civilization, settlement and life of those days. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan for archaeologists.
Shushtar Castle is a very large fortress with numerous arched yards, barracks, shelves, baths, shelters, towers, gardens, vaults, shrine houses, kitchens, and several chimneys and large basements. The castle, along with 15 other monuments of Shushtar was presented at the Annual Meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee on June 26, 2009 in Seville, Spain as the Shushtar Historical Hydro System and was finally registered in the UNESCO World Heritage Site No. 1315. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan for archaeologists.
The Susa Museum protects objects that have been discovered in explorations on Chogha Zanbil and Apadana. There are objects that display the great civilization of Iran and most of which have been found on seven hills.
Palace of Darius
The Apadana palace, like other Achaemenid palaces, was destroyed by the invasion of Alexander. This palace is the winter residence of the Achaemenid kings and was excavated in 1991. Most of the discovered works of this building are now kept in the Louvre Museum of Paris. Unfortunately, most of the valuable works of this magnificent palace have been transferred by the French outside of Iran and to the Louvre Museum in Paris. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan for archaeologists.
In 1987, Jean-Marie-Jacques du Morgan, a Frenchman, came to Susa for research and exploration. He started the construction of the Shush castle along with his companions in that site. To do this, the tallest point of the Shush hills that is known as Akroupol, was chosen, and a castle was built in the form of medieval castles and trapezoidal shapes on it. This castle was built with ancient clay and ancient remains of bricks and clay of different periods, which remained in the ancient site of Shush. They completed building this site in 1912. The castle is now used as an archaeological site for preservation and research.
Chogha Zanbil had five floors in the past, but today only two floors and half of it remain. Chogha Zanbil is A huge building that many people visit every year. This place was an ancient temple during Elamite . Chogha Zanbil is considered as the first Iranian religious building. Ontas Gale that was the king of ancient Ilam has ordered the construction of this religious city. The Chogha Zanbil building is located in the middle of this city and its highest part. Unfortunately, many of the objects found in Chogha Zanbil are now in Paris. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan for archaeologists.
The Shahoor’s Palace
Shahoor’s Palace is a magnificent hall with 64 columns and its columns are similar to the pillars of the Apadana Palace. However, the columns of Shahoor’s Palace is shorter than the columns of the Apadana Palace.
Ivan Karkheh is the most complete and successful city of Sassanid that clearly displays the glory and power of the Sassanian era. Unfortunately, a small part of it remains, and its features are tall walls that are historically and architecturally important. Unfortunately, this building was damaged during the war between Iran and Iraq and is now abandoned.
On the eastern side of the courtyard, about three hundred meters from the southeast corner of the main part of the palace, there was long-brick building. Unfortunately, today half of it has gone, and the other half is partially remained. The archeologists estimated by the remaining half of this dilapidated palace that the building has a length of 46 meters and a width of 14.51 meters. Considering the crescent arch and other features of the building, it turns out that the magnificent hall that was formed from inside, could see the water flow of Karkheh and the vast plain of Khuzestan for several kilometers.
From the old Iranian museums, this museum houses works from prehistoric times and works from late periods to the Qajar period, as well as works by artists from traditional workshops.
The Armenian Church of Abadan that was built in Pahlavi era, with its white facade, attracts all people attention. The church was damaged during the war but was restored by the reconstruction of the war zones. At present time, due to the small number of Christians in Abadan, there is no ceremony in this church. In the past, because of the adjacent to the Abadan school, the Armenian Church of Abadan was considered to be the largest assembly hall of Armenian communities in the city. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan for christians.
Rangoonis Mosque was built by Pakistani workers at Abadan refinery in the oil field. Many sailors and passengers of international ships have prayed in this mosque. This 88-year-old house has a nursery, a main courtyard and a mosque. This mosque was given to Sunni Muslims. In the array of this mosque, cemented cobblestone designs have been used. This mosque is now a museum. That’s one of the best things to do in Khuzestan for interested peaple in history.
Shirin Movie Theater
This cinema is 80 years old and is one of the first Iranian cinemas. By adding another two floors, it became the largest cinema in Iran during World War II.
The life of the Cinema Naft is almost equal to the life of the huge oil refinery of Abadan, which is 100 years old.
With the end of the construction work of the refinery and the approaching time of exploitation, the British people built a cinema along with other facilities and amenities such as luxury homes, hospitals, large supermarkets, sailing clubs, horse riding, golf and swimming pool. This cinema that opened in 1924 was constructed with bricks that was known as the London Brick under the name of Taj Cinema. This place was also used as the venue for the performance of large concerts.
Abadan markets include the Kuwaiti market, the Amiri market, Ahmadabad market, the central market and the first-class market of Abadan’s seafood, and also because of being close to the Gulf countries, and taking advantage of exporting and importing goods through the lodge and the ship with a variety of markets with reasonable price, created this site as an convenient place for people from other cities and provinces for shopping. Because majority of the people of Abadan are working in business centers, Abadan markets are booming with businesses and attract many customers from the other cities and provinces.
We all have heard the stories of Iran – Iraq war, and this museum once again reminds them of the visual effects and remnants of that era.
One of the remnants of the Iran-Iraq war period, which was used as a headquarters is Khorramshahr Mosque. After the conquest of Khorramshahr, the mosque returned to Iran in half health. The Khorramshahr Jami Mosque was one of the only buildings that remained safe after the attack of Iraqi soldiers. This mosque was used as the city’s command and procurement center. Because of this, it became known as the Resistance Symbol Which is now known as the survivors of the war. Those who are interested in the history of the Iran-Iraq war usually visit this site to find more information about it.
Arjan Power Ring
In the Behbahan Museum, you can find some important historical tools, one of the most prominent is the Arjan Power Ring.
In Behbahan, a bronze tunic with a golden ring was discovered along with ninety-eight golden buttons, a dagger, silver bars and a cup with a bronze tray and several other objects in the tomb of Kiddin Houstaran, the son of Currlos. This ring dates back to the eighth century BC. This has never been seen in this form anywhere in the world.
Ancient city of Ask
Ask is an old and desolate city. It was said that Ask was located on the slopes of the mountain, and there was a burning fire above that mountain.
The Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of the province has selected the Ragbe village as a typical village and the tourism base. Because of this, they constructed the Shadegan wetland in that region of the tourist attraction. The Tourism Organization has appointed several people to guide the tourists and provide services for them when necessary. Along the water, the landscapes of this wetland is especially visible in the spring and late winter.
Tashkooh is one of Ramhormoz tourist attractions. This mountain is burning from the distant past to the present day, from the old times locals are called to this mountain Tashkooh. According to geological experts, the reason for the flames of the mountain fire is the sulfur present on the ground and the rise of natural gas from the depths of the earth to the surface. Hydrocarbon bursts pass through different layers of the earth, flowing out of every junction and gap at the surface of the earth, so that at night, the light of burning this gas is most visible. Due to the presence of gas flowing in the air, you cannot set another fire there.