Things to do in Isfahan
Things to do in Isfahan
Things to do in Isfahan
Isfahan has a lot of important and historical monuments. This city hosts tourists from all over Iran and foreign countries throughout the year. When planning for a trip, Iranians always select Isfahan and put it on their priority list. Stay tuned to learn more about this historical city and find more information about the monuments and places to visit during your stay there.
Most of us know the most famous historical and tourist attractions of Isfahan and what things to do in Isfahan. Most people have made interesting memories of their journey to these places. In this article, we try to introduce the most important tourist attractions of this city:
Naqsh-e Jahan Square is one of the largest and most beautiful places in the world. One of the best Things to do in Isfahan is seeing this square. The square with 507 meters in length and 158 meters in width places four other historic sites of Isfahan (Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Imam Mosque, Qeysarie Gate and Ali Qapu mansion). Naqsh-e Jahan was built When the Safavids chose Isfahan as the capital city. They also built Imam’s mosque, Sheikh Lotfallah Mosque and Qeysarie Bazaar during the same period.
At that time, they used to hold competition and games such as polo and parade of soldiers and troops in Naqsh-e Jahan Square. During the Qajar period, parts of the square were destroyed by negligence, but in the Pahlavi era and after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, restoration work was carried out on damaged parts. Naqsh-e Jahan Square has been registered on the National Iranian Book List on February 13, 1934.
Ali Qapu Palace is located in the Shaheed Mohammad Square and in front of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque. If you want to know one of the best things to do in Isfahan, This palace can be called the masterpiece of the Safavid architecture. After the transfer of the capital from Qazvin to Isfahan, the king accepted the important people here and at this place. Ali Qapu Palace is made up of 6 floors, each with its own decoration. “Ali Qapu” means “high door” and this palace can be called the entrance of palaces that were built in the Safavid era.
On the sixth floor, there is a hall that is called the sound room. This hall has been designed in such a way that like the recording studio takes extra resonance and transfer the others to all part of this floor.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is another Safavid memorial in Naqsh-e Jahan Square and Isfahan. The construction of this mosque, which was built in honor of Sheikh Lotfollah Amali, lasted for about 18 years. This mosque is located on the east side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square, facing Ali Qapu mansion and adjacent to the Imam Mosque. The dome of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque was covered both from inside and outside with the tile and was built on several arches. These arches are so high that they are seen from Naqsh-e Jahan Square. The dome of this mosque is one of the most masterful and beautiful tiling of Iranian architecture. The altar of the mosque is another unique and admirable beauty of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque. The mosque is built in such a way that has a 45-degree spin, which traditional Iranian architects call it “Pashneh”.
Imam Mosque in Isfahan that is also known as Shah Mosque or Abbasi Mosque was built during Safavid era and on the southern side of Imam Square. The Imam Mosque can be called the masterpiece of architecture, because of its tiling and carpentry of the era. There are several inscriptions in its main window. At the two corners of the courtyard of this mosque, you can see two schools of Suleimani and Naseri. Both schools belong to the Safavid era, and since they were restored and during Nasir Al-Din Shah Qajar period, they were called the Nasser school. In this mosque, several statements of Shah Abbas were written on stone slabs. The Imam Mosque was registered on December 15, 1931 in the National Iranian Book List. Visiting this site is one of the most important things to do in Isfahan.
The entrance to the Qeysarie market is located on the northern side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square and facing the Imam Mosque. This is another remains of the Safavid era. In the past Qeysariyeh had 3 floors, but today, the third floor, which was the site of the kettledrum, and was used to determine the time was destroyed. Qeysariyeh gate leads you to the big market of Isfahan. This building was constructed based on another building in the city of Qeisariyeh and was named after that. There are several paintings in Qeisariyeh gate, which depict the royal halls and the European who used to serve in the court of Isfahan. Altogether, the Qeysarie mansion consists of the courtyard, mansion, and royal Caravanserai, and attracts many tourists during the year. This work was registered on November 15, 1931 in the National Iranian Book List.
The Mansion of Hasht Behesht has also been brought to the people of Isfahan by the Safavids. In the late period of this dynasty, this mansion was the residence of the rulers. Hasht Behesht is located in the grand and beautiful garden of Naqsh-e Jahan, which was first erected by Shah Isma’il I. This octagonal mansion is made up of two floors. The north face seems to be the main building, but the pool on the eastern side shows that the main view is on this side. In the middle of the hall of the mansion, there is an octagonal pond that was made of marble, and is known as the pearl pond. The windows and doors of the building are well furnished and have greatly enhanced the beauty of the mansion. Hasht Behesht mansion was registered on December 22, 1934 under number 227 in the National Iranian Book List. Visiting this mansion is one of the most important things to do in Isfahan.
Chehel Sotoun garden is one of the attractions of Isfahan, and is famous among all Iranian people. The garden has an area of over 67,000 square meters and has been built for many years. At that time, the garden was called the Garden of Jahan Nama. This garden is located on Imam Hossein square.
In fact, Chehel Sotoun (forty pillars) mansion has only twenty pillars, but the reflection of the pillars in the water has made this mansion fomous as the “forty pillar”. Some historians believe that the palace that King Abbas II completed had forty pillars, but after the fire only twenty pillars remained. Mirrors, large wall paintings and wooden columns are from the important features of this palace that made it look much more attractive. The windows and doors are also embroidered and decorated and represent the genuine Iranian art. The Safavid rulers used to attend the palace’s central hall with guests and foreign characters. Visiting this mansion is one of the most interesting things to do in Isfahan.
Menar Jonban is also one of the other monuments that attract tourists to Isfahan. In this building, a mystic named “Uncle Abdullah Karladani” was buried and his burial date was registered in 1316 on his grave. This date coincided with the rule of Sultan Muhammad Khodabandeh Al-Jaito Ilkhan. Menar Jonban is in the form of a tombstone and two minarets; each of these minarets is 7.5 meters high, and what makes them distinct from other minarets is that its shaking. As one of the minarets shifts, both the other minaret and the whole building shake. The reason for this phenomenon has long been unknown, but one of the reasons for this is the physical phenomenon called “the effect of Duplera”, because the two minarets are similar and very light, they are affecting one another’s shakes.
The researchers attributed the dating of this building to the Ilkhan era, but the shape of the minarets is in a way that make the archaeologists believe that it was built during the Safavid period. This work was registered on June 20, 1903 by number 349 in the National Iranian Book List. Visiting this monument is one of the most interesting things to do in Isfahan.
Chahar Bagh School
Chahar Bagh School is one of the historical schools in Isfahan that is also known as the Soltani School or the Madreseh School. In this building that is the last monument of the Safavid era (the era of the last king of Safavid, King Soltan Hussein) scholars used to teach religious students. This school was built in 10 years and is located on the eastern side of Chahar bagh Street.
The Chahar Bagh School, which is said to be a mosque, has been built on an area of 850 square meters. This school has a very beautiful tile and is decorated with gold and silver in its summit and is a masterpiece of its kind. On the eastern side of the school, a caravanserai is connected to it, and was built about three centuries prior to its construction, and was used as the residence place of the passengers. The caravanserai’s name was “Shah’s Royal Caravanserai” but today it has become a guesthouse that is known as Abbasi Guest House and it called one of the best and most exclusive resorts in Isfahan. This building was registered on December 13, 1931 in Iran’s national monuments list.
The bird’s garden of Isfahan with an area of over 55 thousand square meters, and about four thousand birds in 130 different species is one of the most spectacular gardens of birds in Iran. This garden is located 4 km west of Vahid Bridge in Isfahan and was built in 1996 by the municipality. On this gardens, they have constructed a net of about 40,000 square meters and is placed on 16 columns with a height of 22 to 25 meters.
There are 4 ponds in the birds’ garden of Isfahan, where they hold birds like ducks, swans, geese and…. there are some artificial rocks that also hosts mountainous and desert birds, and you can find partridge next to them. In this garden, depending on the type of birds and their living conditions, there are glass and iron cages and some birds live in the greenery of the forest freely throughout the garden. Visiting this garden is one of the most interesting things to do in Isfahan.
Fire temple of Isfahan
The Fire temple is another historical monument of this city that was built in ancient Iran. This place was originally called “Mehrbin” or “Mehrabbin’s Fortress” or “Mehrbin Fire temple”. This place is located on the street of Atashghah in the west of Isfahan and 8 km from the city center. This building is located on a mountain in the proximity of Zayandeh Rud.
On its pillars, there were rooms in the past that are lost today. There is a roundabout on top of the hill that Zoroastrian priests are said to have placed holy fire inside it. It is believed that it was restored During Pahlavi era. The Fire Temple was registered on December 11, 1951 with the number 380 in the list of national works of Iran.
Si-o-seh pol, also referred to as Allah Wardari Khan Bridge, was built on the Zayandeh Rud River during the reign of Shah Abbas Safavi. The bridge dates back to 1599. After three years from this date, Allahverdi Khan Ondiladze Gorji ordered his agent to finish building of this bridge. During the Safavid period, Si-o-seh pol Bridge was the place for the celebration of different ceremonies. Si-o-seh pol can be called one of the best bridges in the world and a masterpiece of Persian and Safavid architecture. It is not possible for anyone to come to Isfahan and not visit Si-o-seh pol that is located in the heart of Isfahan. Si-o-seh pol is 295 meters long and 14 meters wide and registered on November 15, 1931 in the national list of national monuments. There is the most important place in Isfahan and visiting this mansion is one of the most interesting things to do in Isfahan.
Khaju Bridge, with 24 openings on the eastern side of Si-o-seh pol, is located on the Zayandeh Rud River. It is said that the bridge was built in 1650, during the reign of Shah Abbas II. In the middle of this bridge, a special building was constructed for the temporary residence of the Safavid king and his family. The length of the Khaju Bridge is 133 meters and its width is 12 meters and has a very beautiful and pretty architecture. Khaju Bridge has several other names, but since it is located in the neighborhood with the same name, most of people know it with this name. You should know what things to do in Isfahan and in this site. At the corners of the eastern side of the bridge, there are two stone lions and they are said to be a symbol of the Bakhtiari armies who were protecting Isfahan and Zayandehrud from enemies. This work was registered on November 15, 1931 in the National Iranian Book List.
Sarouyeh castle, which has other names such as Kohandeh and Ashraf Hill, is located next to the city bridge and the northern side of Zayandeh Rud. It is said that many books were kept in this building and destroyed in the Arab invasion of Iran, and today the remains of it are in the form of a hill that the people call the hill of Ashraf. Some historians attribute the monument to Tahmoures, the third king of the Pishdadian Dynasty. But others believe that this building was built during the Goshtasb period from the kings of Kiani. This work was registered on the 26th of December, 1996 in the list of national works of Iran.