Iran Tourism Potential for Developing Tourism (Part 1)
Iran Tourism Abstract
Iran Tourism Potential
Iran as a big country in near east has many natural, historical and cultural beauties for foreign tourists . Iran is one of the 10 important tourism and ecotourism countries in the world but, studies shows that share of Iran from nearly 750 billion dollars world tourism incomes in 2005, was only about 7 million dollars. Incoming increasing, lifestyles improvements and welfare development at recent years in Iran, lead to the splendor of internal tourism, especially religious tourism. More than 20 million internal travels to Mashhad city for a pilgrimage of Imam Reza shrine in 2005 can confirm this claim. Studies show that each year a lot of pilgrimage from mainly adjacent countries such as Pakistan, Iraq, Azerbaijan and others have come to Iran for pilgrimage the Shiite holy places, especially Hz. Imam Reza shrines in Mashhad and Hz. Masoomeh shrines in Qom and some other holy places such as Hz. Shah-e Chirag in Shiraz. The existence of many important holy places in Iran in one hand and an existence of a 25 million Shiite Muslim tourist in the world in another hand indicates that Iran’s government and tourism organization with considering a precise plan can attract the main portion of above-mentioned tourists and their incomes.
Iran Tourism Introduction
Tourism has become the world’s largest export industry, generating huge employment opportunity in the remote and backward areas. It is estimated that tourism for 13% of the total world exports and 8.2 % of the global employment. By looking at the world tourism industry position in 2006, it is revealed that up to 760 million people were traveled in this year. World incomes from this industry were calculated about 700 billion US $ that is around 10 % of total world gross incomes. Tourism 2020 Vision is the world tourism organization’s long-term forecast and assessment of the development of tourism in the first 20 years of the new millennium. Tourism 2020 Vision forecasts that international arrivals are expected to reach nearly 1.6 billion by the year 2020. The total tourist arrivals by region show that by 2020 the top three receiving regions will be Europe (717 million tourists), East Asia and the Pacific (397 million) and the Americas (282 million), followed by Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia. According to WTO report, Iran is among the world’s top 10 in term of tourism attractions but figures released by the top international tourism body indicate that Iran despite its rich culture and historical venues has a partly share of 0.01 percent in global tourism revenues .However, only 0.05 percent of global tourists visit Iran every year. According to the WTO report in 2006, Iran ranked 70th among all countries of world and 13th among Muslim countries with respect to the number of tourists arrivals, which reached on 700000 and 77th place with respect to tourism revenues reaching 477 million US $. However, in this paper, it is tried to review potentials and limitations of the tourism industry in Iran. Experts believe that there are many potentials for developing this sector in the country but there is a need to many changes in many fields.
author : Hasan ZOLFAGHARI