Iran Tourism Potential for Developing Tourism  (Part 3)


Some of Iran Historic attractions

Iran has a long history with many Iran Tourism Potentials so there are many Islamic and pre-Islamic buildings and works
in Iran. A few examples are:
-Ruins of Persepolis(figure 3), Naghsh-e-Rostam, Pasargad, Arg-e-Karim Khan and
Bazar-e-Vakil (Shiraz), Arg-e-Bam (Bam), Ali Ghapoo, Chehelsotoon and Imam square
(Isfahan), Houses of Boroojerdiha , Tabatabaeiha and very nice air traps(Kashan), Ruins of
Hegmatane and Ganjname(Hamedan), Arge Alishah and Azure mosque (Tabriz), Tagh-e-Bostan and Bisotoon(Kermanshah), Falakol Aflak castel (Khorramabad), Shahr-e-sookhte(
near Zabol), Masjed-e- Jame and Tekyeh Amir Chakhmagh (Yazd).

Some of  Iran cultural attractions

Due to location of Iran among ancient civilizations, there are many tribes who live in
throughout Iran. Tribes of Fars, Turk, Arab, Kurd, Lor, Baloch, Turkoman and others have
lived in Iran from ancient times. Cultural characteristics of Iranian tribes beside their
similarities have many attractions for a lot of world tourists. Some of these are:
– About 5 per cent of total Iran’s people live in the form of migration which called
Nomads and Tribes. These immigrant people mainly lives in Ardabil, east Azerbaijan,
Kermanshah, Lorestan, Fars and some other provinces and have many special various
marriage and mourning ceremonies which can attracts many tourists.
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– About 40 per cent of Iranians living in rural regions. From this view point the rural
communities of Iran have a high potential for developing the rural tourism that is one of the
important kind of tourism. Virgin rural areas, handcrafts of rural peoples various ceremonies
of rural communities are only some of these attractions.
– Handcrafts of Iranian tribe’s show rich culture and civilization of Iran. Handcrafts
such as carpet, inlaid works, relief works, pottery and many other works are a few examples
of cases.
– One of the important cultural attractions of Iran is the tombs of outstanding persons
such as Hafez (figure 4)and Saadi in Shiraz, Ferdosi in Tous Baba Taher and Aboo Ali Sina in
Hamedan, Khaghani and Shahryar in Tabriz, Attar and Omar Khayyam in Neyshabour , and
others are only some of the cases.

Some of Iran religious and pilgrimage attractions

There are around 70000 shrine and tombs in Iran which belongs to grandsons of
Shiite Imams. Some of these shrines are famous for all Shiite Muslims around the world but
others only famous for local peoples. Outside of Iran there are near 250 million Shiite
Muslims that 25 million of theirs travel each year. So there is a high potential for expansion
of pilgrimage tourism in Iran. Existence of Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad(figure 5), shrine of
Masoomeh in Qom, shrine of Imam Khomeini in Tehran and others indicates the high
capacities of Iran for developing the pilgrimage tourism.
As the economy picks up and more Iranians are able to go on vacation, domestic
tourism is turning into an important economic sector. Over the last decade the number of
domestic tourists has increase on average between 5% and 10% each year. Studies show
that in 2006 about 25 million pilgrims traveled to Mashhad. According to says of Khorasan
province governors,the incomes of Mashhad from pilgrims in this year were 3000 billion
Rials( about 300 million US $)(19). It is predicted that during next 20 years each year about
46 million tourists will travel to Mashhad for pilgrimage Imam Reza shrine and other
pilgrimage places of this city (11).
Beside the above mentioned shrines, shrine of Shah-e-Cherag in Shiraz, shrine of Abdolazim in Ray, shrine of Jalaladdin Ashraf in Astaney-e- Ashrafie, shrine of Syed
Mohammad Agha in Jolfa are important than others. Also there are many historic mosques
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in throughout Iran that respectable for many of world Muslims. Mosque of Sheikh lotfollah in
Isfahan, mosques of Jame in Yazd and Naein, mosque of Vakil in Shiraz, mosque of Azure
in Tabriz are some examples of these mosques.
As we say about the religious and pilgrimage tourism in Iran, it doesn’t rely only to
Islamic heritage and pilgrimage buildings. There are many holy and pilgrimage places for
followers of other religions such as Zoroastrianism, Christianize and Judaism.
Worship and holy places for Christians such as Vank Church in Isfahan, Tataoos Church in
Makoo and St Stefano’s Church in Jolfa attracts each year many Christians.
The most important holy and pilgrimage places for Zoroastrians in Iran consist of
Check Checkoo fire temple in Yazd and temple of Takht-e Soleiman In Takab.
Important pilgrimage places for Judaism in Iran consist of Shrine of Ester Mordakhai in
Hamedan, Shrine of Prophet Daniel in Shoosh(figure 6) and shrine of Prophet Haiaghoogh in Tuyserkan.