Travel to the vast country of Iran, In recent years, have been the attention of a large number of travelers and tourism enthusiasts around the world. Investments and serious attention of Iranian officials and state to the development of the industry, in recent years Iran tourism, have followed positive results and given the existence of appropriate infrastructure in the country and also a lot of charming cultural and historical attractions in ancient country of Iran has been cause the influx of a large number of international tourists.
Iran has an impressive number of 19 registered in UNESCO’s cultural heritage.
Overall Review of Iran Tourism
Iran Tourism is diverse, providing a range of activities from hiking and skiing in the Alborz mountains, to beach holidays by the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. The Iranian government has been making concerted efforts to attract tourists to the various destinations in the country and arrivals have increased during the past years. Kish Island alone attracts around 1 million visitors per year, the majority of whom are Iranian.
Before the Iranian revolution, tourism was characterized by significant numbers of visitors traveling to Iran for its diverse attractions, boasting cultural splendours and a diverse and beautiful landscape suitable for a range of activities.Iran Tourism declined dramatically during the Iran–Iraq War in the 1980s.
Since the Iranian revolution in 1979, the majority of foreign visitors to Iran have been religious pilgrims and businesspeople.
Official figures do not distinguish between those travelling to Iran for business and those coming for pleasure, and they also include a large number of diaspora Iranians returning to visit their families in Iran or making pilgrimages to holy Shia sites near Mashhad and elsewhere. Domestic tourism in Iran is one of the largest in the world.the government continues to project strong rises in visitor numbers and tourism revenue for the foreseeable future, and to talk of projects to build an additional 100 hotels, for example, to expand its currently limited stock of Iran Tourism.
In 2013, the number of foreign tourists in Iran reached 4.76 million, contributing more than $2 billion to the national economy. The strong devaluation of the Iranian Rial since early 2012 is also a positive element for tourism in Iran. Over five million tourists visited Iran in the fiscal year of 2014-2015, ending March 21, four percent more year-on-year.
According to a report published by World Travel and Tourism Council in 2015 the size of Iran Tourism industry – including cultural and ecotourism as major components of it – is estimated as having the potential to create jobs for 1,285,500 and rise by 4.1% pa to 1,913,000 jobs in 2025. based on the report in the year of 2014 Travel & Tourism directly supported 413,000 jobs (1.8% of total employment). This is expected to rise by 4.4% in 2015 and rise by 4.3% pa to 656,000 jobs (2.2% of total employment) by 2025.
Iran Tourism UNESCO’s Cultural Heritage
Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Isfahan
Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan has built with command of king Abbas at the beginning of the seventeenth century. This World Heritage area is known as an important Iran tourism destination because of having Shah mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Qeysarie Bazaar and Ālī Qāpū. These monuments are important documents from the social and cultural life of Iran in the Safavid period.
Takht-e-Jamshid (Parseh) (Persepolis), Fars
Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire which was built in 518 BC with command of the first Darius. Persepolis has built on an area of semi-natural and semi-synthetic and have been constructed, inspired by Mesopotamian models. Persepolis is a unique archeological area.
Chogha Zanbil, Khuzestan
The ziggurat is surrounded by three tall fence and is located in the ruins of the holy city of the Elamite’s king. Thousands of unused bricks in the yard, represents Aššurbanipal attack to this ancient temple. Build of the ziggurat is attribute toward Elamites.
Takht-e Soleymān, Azerbaijan
Takht-e Soleymān is an archaeological area which is located near the Takab in Western Azerbaijan province. In This site, there are works like the original Zoroastrian fire temple (Azar Gashsb) which in the thirteenth century was rebuilt during Mongols Ilkhani era. Also Anahita Temple which is belonged to the Sassanid period is in it’s place.
Arg e Bam, Kerman
Arg e Bam is located on the southern edge of the Iranian plateau and dating back to the Achaemenian era in the sixth century BC. Its heyday was from the seventh to the eleventh century which was located at the crossroads of important trade routes and was known to produce silk and cotton garments. Arg e Bam is an example of a fortified medieval city and is built using mud layers.
Pasargadae was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire which at the behest of Cyrus II was built in the sixth century BC. In this area of 160 hectares, valuable remains such as the tomb of Cyrus II are exist. Pasargadae was the first capital of the vast empire of multiculturalism in Western Asia. Achaemenid was the first known empire in the world which has to respect the cultural diversity of it’s people.
Oljaito (Sultan Muhammad Khodabandeh) Tomb, the eighth Mongol Aylkhan, was built in the city of Soltaniyeh, in 1302 AD. Soltanieh was the capital of the patriarch dynasty. Soltanieh is an outstanding example of Iranian architecture. It is an octagonal building with a dome height of 50 m and around it are eight minarets. Soltaniyeh is the first sample of two shells Dome in Iran and leading historians have described the Taj Mahal an adaptation of this building.
Behistun Inscription, Kermanshah
This complex is set along the ancient trade route that was connected the Iran plateau with Mesopotamia and contains the remains of the Medes, Achaemenid, Sassanid, and the patriarch periods. The main monument of this site is a reliefs and an inscriptions in cuneiform which has been carving by order of Darius I in 521 BC. Around this inscription, there is 1200 lines of an inscription that tells the story of Darius wars. The inscription is written in three languages and the oldest is an Elamite text. The third part of the inscription is very important, Because in this text, Darius has described his works for the first time in the ancient Persian language. This is The only remaining historical context of the Achaemenid which is a document of reestablishing the empire by Darius I. Also this area is a testament to the impact of exchange is the development of art and writing in Persian Empire. It is necessary to mention that the Median and Achaemenid era works are also in this archaeological site.
Armenian churches of Iran tourism
The complex consists of three churches that are located in the North West of Iran. Churchs of St. Thaddeus, Saint Stephanos and Chapel of Dzordzor. St. Thaddeus Church dates back to the seventh century AD.
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, Khuzestan
These structures dates returns back to the time of Darius the Great (Fifth century BCE). This set contains two main channels of the Karun River. These hydraulic structures leads to spectacular cliffs and waterfalls. This collection contains many important sites such as Salasel castle, towers for water level measurement, dams, bridges, ponds and mills. It is a testament to the Elamite knowledge and Mesopotamian people.
Tabriz historic bazaar
Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchanges since antiquity and was one of the most important commercial centers on the Silk Road. Tabriz historic bazaar complex includes of interlocking corridors which has roofed brick buildings and spaces which are enclosed. Tabriz in East Azerbaijan province of Iran and it’s market, in the sixteenth century had so much fame and prosperity. This collection is a perfect example of the traditional commercial and cultural system in Iran.
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble, Ardabil
The collection, from the early sixteenth century to the late eighteenth century was for the traditions of Sufism and in the construction of the building is used traditional methods of Iran architecture. The path to the monument to mark the seven stages of mysticism is composed of seven parts which have been separated with eight gates to sign eight attitudes of Sufism. This is a unique monument of the Islamic architecture in medieval.
Iran Tourism Persian Gardens
The collection includes nine gardens: Pasargad, Eram, Chehel Sotoun, Fin, Abbas Abad, Shazdeh, Dowlat Abad, Pahlavanpour and Akbaryhe gardens are located in various regions of Iran. The gardens are built on principles that have rooted in the reign of Cyrus the Great. Persian garden has always divided into four parts and water in all the gardens both in terms of irrigation and decorations plays an important role. Persian garden associates the paradise and four symbols of Zoroastrianism (Sky, earth, water, and plants). Here are some of Persian Gardens explained:
Chehel Sotoun Garden, Isfahan
The garden is located between two urban space and the design is almost square. The main axis of this garden passes from it’s center and belvedere is located in the western third of the axis. The initial core of the palace was built before the Safavid period. In the eastern part of the garden, some buildings are added to the palace which the most notably of them are the Hall of Mirrors and the porch columns. Existence of a pool in the front porch is the other elements of the garden. Chehelsotoon Garden was a ceremonial building.
Fin Garden, Kashan
The garden dates back to the interval between the fourth and tenth centuries AD and is famous to ancient garden. Shah Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid dynasty, held the celebration of his coronation in this garden.
Abbas Abad Garden, Behshahr
Shah Abbas I established the city of Behshahr in the Caspian Sea coast and on the slopes of the Alborz Mountains. It was composed of a large number of gardens and palaces. Abbas Abad garden is a collection of six gardens: Cheshmeh Garden, Chehel Sotoun Garden, Khalvat Garden, Saheb Zaman Garden, Shomal Garden and Zeytoun
Eram Garden, Shiraz
Eram is one of the most famous and oldest historic gardens on Iran and dates back to the Seljuk era. The main palace in this garden represents the Shiraz architectural. The most important characteristic of this broad building is the main facade arches decorations. The mansion was built in the reign of Naser-Al-Din Shah Qajar.
Dowlat Abad Garden, Yazd
The garden design is one of the noblest and most exquisite designs of the Iranian official gardens. The main house of the garden is the Porch Mansion. The mansion is known for its high windcatchers. The garden was built on the orders of “Mohammad-Taghi-Khan-e Bafghi”, Who was the governor of Yazd and there was the residence of the governor of Yazd.
Shazdeh Garden, Kerman
“Shazdeh-Mahan” garden was built by “Abdolhamid-Mirza-Naser-Al-Dowleh” who was the ruler Kerman and Sistan. One noteworthy feature of the garden is it’s being stratified that makes one of the most vibrant scenes of a Persian garden.