Iran Tourism Potential for Developing Tourism (Part 2)
A brief look at Iran
Iran Tourism Potential
Iran with 1648000 square kilometer area and 70 million people are one of the largest countries in the Middle East. This country is bordered to the north by the countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan and the Caspian Sea; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan; to the south by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf; and to the west by Iraq and Turkey (Figure 1). The country is dominated by three mountain ranges: the fertile, volcanic Sabalan and Tales ranges in the north-west; the very long, Jurassic-era Zagros range, down the western border; and the dominant Alborz range, home of Iran’s highest mountain, the permanently snowcapped Damavand (5670m/18,600ft), to the north of Tehran. The two great Iranian deserts, the Dasht-é Kavir (more than 200,000 sq km/78,000 sq mi) and the Dasht-é Lut (more than 166,000 sq km/64,740 sq mi), occupy most of the north-east and east of the central plain.
Figure 1: location map of Iran
Tourism and Ecotourism potentials in Iran
Iran is a unique country in terms of its tourist attractions and abundant resources. The most important characteristics of the country are its diverse natural and ecotourism attractions, religious, ethical and cultural diversity, its national and Islamic architectural style, diverse climatic conditions and above all its people’s hospitality. Iran is not only a nation with reach historical and cultural sites but, it has a unique environment and nature in which four seasons of the year could be observed. There are 17 kinds of climates in the world that 12 kinds of them can be seen in Iran. The numbers of registered historic buildings are 11000 and many historical works and buildings of Iran have been registered in the list of world cultural heritage. According to much foreign, Iran’s archaeology, cultural heritage, traditions and diversity of nature are the main factors which attract foreigners to Iran.
Some Physical attractions
Due to their physical and climatic location which is located in volcanic and high-pressure belts of the world, Iran has a series of topographic, geomorphic, geologic and climatic characteristics. Some of the important features of physical attractions in Iran are listed bellow: High mountain chains such as Elburz and Zagros with their splendid peaks such as Damavand with 5671 m, Dena with 4409 m, Sabalan with 4811 m, Sahand with 3347 m,
International Symposium on Geography Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region
Shirkuh with 3313 m and Taftan with 4042 meters above sea level are only some of the most examples. Forests and protected natural zones in north (figure 2)and west parts of Iran also very beautiful mangrove jangles in the Persian Gulf. Very wonderful Karstic features for examples Alisadr and Goori Gale caves in provinces of Hamedan and Kermanshah. Very beautiful lakes such as lakes of Urmia, Hamoon, Maharloo, Zarivar, Bakhtagan and others. Splendid islands that some of them very famous such as Kish and Qeshm. Marshes and their scarce species of animal and plant for example Anzali marsh in Gilan province. Rivers, such as Karoon , Zaiande Roud , Aras and others. Sand dunes, salty playas and many other features in the desert region of Iran. Mineral waters and hot water springs such as tourist zones around Sabalan, Damavand and Taftan mountains. Sarein city is one of them.