Iran Nomad Tours
Seeing and experiencing nomadic life in today’s modern world is a great attraction for both domestic and foreign tourists and you can experience that in one of our Iran Nomad Tours.
The natural and human effects of the nomadic lifestyle make this group one of the attractions of tourism. Nomads’ migration has always been one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in Iran. Tribes, their lifestyles, language, music, local cuisine, clothing, songs, crafts, dances and local clothing, along with rituals such as local celebrations and weddings, have always invoked many enthusiasts in Iran nomad tours.
The traditional nomadic herding from the country to the grassland and vice versa, the beautiful natural scenery of the coasts, including waterfalls, straits, forests and lush meadows and rivers, are also other Iran nomad tours attractions.
Over the course of centuries, tribes have been struggling to maintain their cultural and social customs in a beautiful and incredible way, and some of them have been successful in this regard. Nomadic regions of Iran are like legacies that can be seen in the cultural and human aspects of human dignity. The nomadic tribes are proud of Iran’s civilization, and their thousands of years of experience on the journey will surely be wonderful for fans of this path. Many tourists around the world tend to closely observe the lifestyles of these hardworking people, and watch for a few days side activities such as milking, yogurt making, carpet weaving, and many more. However, in recent years, technological manifestations have affected some of the activities of nomads. However, many of them have retained their original Iranian traditions and values. Observing these traditions is a great attraction for both domestic and foreign tourists.
The hospitality and commemoration of traditions by nomads are a great attraction for many tourists, especially foreign tourists. The life of the tribes of the country is fraught with effort, hard work and the struggle against the natural disasters, which is very interesting and attractive for the tourists in Iran nomad tours, along with the beauty of the nomadic life.
The tribes of Iran are scattered in different regions of the country, and this geographical and climatic dispersion has caused the culture, dialect, customs, and even the type of movement (vertical and horizontal) to vary in each nomadic group, and in this regard, the nomadic society of Iran has a varied and diverse variety that has led to a significant dynamism and diversity in Iran nomad tours.
What is important in this area of tourism is the diverse culture among the tribes, which provides a very good place for welcoming tourists. For example, a tourist who once traveled to nomadic areas of Bushehr or Khuzestan province would be interested in experience and presence among the tribes of Azerbaijan or Ardebil or other places on the second trip.
The hardships of life in nature
As living in the heart of nature is relaxing and soul-loving, it has many difficulties and hardships. The natural disasters such as storms, floods, fires, and many economic and educational problems make nomadic life harder.
Drought is a danger that threatens tribes more than anything else. The lack of a suitable place for children to study and the lack of teachers that are compatible with the life of a nomad is also among the other problem for these people. With all this and despite all the problems this kind of life in Iran continues to survive and they tries to overcome the problems.
Women and nomadic tourism
Nomadic women are powerful women who bear much of the responsibilities in nomadic life. The responsibilities that each makes a memory in the mind of tourists, as a gravity of a particular lifestyle. Women are involved in the upbringing of children, carpet weaving, jigging, milking and many other activities.
Livestock lifestyle is less exposed to changes due to socioeconomic and cultural changes in comparison with urban and rural communities. As a result, nomads are carriers Iran’s noble culture, values and traditions.
The most prominent feature of the tribes is their way of life, which, unlike urban and rural displaced people, are in constant movement of their tents and herds. The nomadic tribes, which are considered as one of the major attractions of cultural tourism, have spread throughout the regions of the West and Southwest, East and South East, Northwest, Northeast, and Central Iran.
Each year they come from different paths along with struggles and hardships of nature, passing through the rivers, valleys and behind the yellow mountain peaks in certain areas of the Zagros range, and engaging in animal husbandry with livestock grazing in lush meadows.
Familiarity with nomad tourism
Arab tribes in Khuzestan
The Khuzestan Arabs are one of the oldest inhabitants of the area, and they are still living and moving more than residing.
Khuzestan is the first manifestation of ancient Iranian civilization and one of the oldest cultural regions of the Iranian plateau. The Arab tribe is one of the oldest immigrants to this region. No information is available on the dates of their entry into this region. Some scholars argue that the first Arab tribes arrived there during the second and third centuries, because during the battle of Alexander the Great in Iran and passing through Khuzestan in the fourth century BC, the name of the Arab race has not been taken in this area. The Greek geographer Strabon also spoke about Khuzestan and its various people, both in the plains and in the mountains, and described them of various tribe, but did not name the Arab people among them. However, most historians confirm the presence of Arabs in the Parthians. The historians of Islam in the talk of the works and wars of Ardashir Babakan, who emerged in the Third Century AD and founded the Sassanid dynasty, wrote: “As long as this king came to the battle of Ardavan, a Parthian king, a tribe of Arabs, Bani-al-Ami became famous, with the help of him, he joined his army and caused Tabari’s writing so that the tribe had lived in Khuzestan on that date.”
What should be considered here is that the old boundaries of Khuzestan were not limited to its current parts. Many parts of the present southern Iraq were also part of the Khuzestan area; for example, the city of Basra, which its original name was and Heyshid Ardeshir. At the beginning of the fall of the Sasanians, many Iranian scholars lived in it. Although the history of Arab immigration to Iran dates back to the very far (period of the Parthians), but since the mid-nineteenth century, there has been a new course of immigration and the arrival of Arabs in Iran. From then on, a new chapter was opened in the issue of the name of the land of Khuzestan, in which Arabs from Wasit, Dub, Suebz, Nazar, and the islands of Iraq came to Khuzestan with Seyyed Mohammad. The Arabs settled there because of the vast expanses of the area and the development of that land, and the region was separated from the non-Arab region.
Some other Arabs of Khuzestan were moved to this city shortly after the other Arabs forced to stay by the Ottoman government. Some other Khuzestan Arabs also have a Yemeni, Bahraini, Syrian or even Egyptian origin. The scope of this recent migration of Arabs includes the provinces of Fars, Kerman, Ilam and Bushehr.
Nomads of Sistan and Baluchestan
Exclusive phenomena of migrations in the Sistan and Baluchestan province of the southwest are from cold regions to tropical regions. The tribes of Ghomshad Zehi and Shahnavazi, who live in Taftan are trying to collect dates in the Mashgyyeh area during summer time. The tribes of this province change their residence places several times during this period.
The tribal life of this province is based on livestock and camel breeding, and agriculture is not very important among the nomadic people. The tribes speak Farsi and Baluchi, Zabaly, and Makarini dialects.
The nomadic tribes are one of the focal points for tourists, especially foreign tourists. Accommodation of tourists in nomadic tents is very much considered in the world of tourism today.
Sistan and Baluchistan has a lot of nomadic population and. This province faces the crisis with the supply of water needed for its tribes. Many tribesmen have come to settle in a place because of the difficult conditions of life, and that is contrary to their lifestyle.
Due to the fact that the lakes and rivers have long been the place for nomadic residence, Hamoon Lake is considered a safe haven for this stratum, but water management, especially during the last seventeen years has been destroyed the lake and livestock activities. You can hear no longer hear the news of horse breeding, livestock, and fresh dairy products. The passion of life can only be seen in the pictures of the old times.
The livestock is the dominant source of income in this region, provided that there is sufficient forage and water; there are almost no vegetation due to successive droughts.
Hamoon Lake has been dying for a long time, the life of the Sistan area, including nomads, depends on this lake.
Kurdish Nomads in Khorasan
Based on historical sources, the Kurdish people of the Khorasan are descendants of people who were taken to these areas from Urmia to maintain the borders of Iran during the reign of Shah Abbas. According to another narration, for the sake of undermining the rebellion of the Kermani Khan and using them to confront the raids of the Uzbek, Mogul and Turkmen, Shah Abbas, have taken them to the great Khorasan. The Kurds also lived in Khorasan before the Safavid era.
The Khorasan Kurdish tribesmen living in the Ottoman Empire were known as Chameshgazak. Because these people were Shi’ite, they came to Iran during the Safavid era, then they were taken to Khorasan in the late Safavid period. And were distributed in the cities of Esfarayen, Bojnourd, Dargaz, Shirvan, Quchan and Neyshabur. There is one of the most beautiful places in Iran nomad tours.
The present Bakhtiari land has been inhabited by various human groups for thousands of years. Various evidence suggests that the ancient land of the Lor people was inhabited thousands of years ago. Natural resources and facilities such as water, forests, pastures, rainforests, abundant reservoirs and valleys for agriculture have made this land one of the best habitats and places for gathering and settling of human groups in the past. In addition, in the Zagros heights and its slopes, it provided an environment suitable for planting forage and animal species.
Bakhtiari speak with Bakhtiari dialect, one of the dialects of Lori’s language. Bakhtiari tribe consists of two branches of Chahar Lang and Four Lang. These divisions, called the Bakhtiari organizational chart, return to the sixteenth century and are organized according to the specific class and tax system of the Bakhtiari tribes.
Bakhtiari are inhabited in the provinces of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari and north, northwest and northeastern Khuzestan, west and southwest of Isfahan, east of Lorestan and northern Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad.
The main center of the tribal population of Qashqai tribe is Fars province. But because of the extent of land and territory in other provinces, they also reside in different part of Iran. Of these, including the provinces of Kohgiluyeh & Boyerahmad, Chaharmahal, Khuzestan, Isfahan, Qom, Markazi, and Bushehr. The Qashqai tribes have gradually arrived and settled in these lands. Turkish tribes spread across Iran. The establishment of the Turkish tribes in various regions of Iran during Seljuk, Timurid and Safavid intensified. The Qashqai tribe population was half a million (estimated 1986) and now it is estimated more than 1,000,000.
Qashqai people generally believe that their ancestors came to Iran from the Turkestan as the emissaries of the Hulagu Khan and Timur armies. While their arrival is more likely during the great tribal migrations of the 11th century. All speculation revolves around the idea that they had been present in the northwest of Iran for some time before they arrived in Fars. Until recently, there was a tribe called Mughnlo, among the Qashqai, which had certainly taken its name from the Moghan Plain in northern part of Ardebil. It is also possible that the ancestors of Aq Quiunlu, Qaraqouinlu, Bigdeli and their relatives are related to the northwest of Iran. Apart from this, Qashqai often introduce Ardebil as their last land. It seems that there was a close relationship between the Khalajs and Qashqai. Some authors, including Hassan Fasaei, have gone so far as to regard the Qashqai as a branch of Khalaj. Minorsky believes that the migration of Khalajs to Persia and their combination with the Qashqai created this hypothesis. The remains of the Khalajs are recognizable among the Qashqai. That’s one of the most important Iran nomad tours.
Existing evidence suggests that, if not all, at least some of the tribal groups of Shahsavan have been displaced from the plain of Moghan to Kharqan and Khamseh. The lifestyle of the Shahsavan tribes and many cultural attributes, especially the semicircular alphabets, distinguish them from other Islamic groups of Iran, including Eilat Kharqan and Khamseh. Some of these features that are of Turkish origin can be seen among other Turkish language tribes. Although some tribes of Shahsavan are not of Turkish origin, they have been able to preserve some of their distinctive features.
The name of Shahsavan in Persian means Shah Lovers. This title was renamed after the victory of the Islamic Revolution to Savan or “people lovers”. Alexander Big, a famous historian of the Safavid era, used the word “Shahi Sion” during the events of conquering Iraq in the time of Shah Isma’il I, as well as the expression of the events of the time of Shah Tahmasb. But the political term of this slogan became important when it was referred to the supporters of Shah Isma’il II, while it was during the time that Shah Tahmasb succeeded his successors, among which Tahmasb’s daughter, Parikhan Khanum, a prominent politician, favored Ismail Mirza announced himself to be Shahi Savan.
Today, Shahsavan, along with vast areas of Iran, live in other neighboring countries including Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkey, Afghanistan and Kashmir. That’s one of the most famous Iran nomad tours.
Kooma is the main residence of the Shahsavan tribes in the country. Kooma is one of the characteristics of the nomadic Shahsavan which has a semi-circular tent and a ridge-shaped tent. It is usually smaller than a pergola, and are carefully crafted and elegant.
Nowruz and Chaharshanbeh Souri are the happiest days among Shahsavan people. On Chaharshanbeh Souri, they usually eat nuts that are made of wheat, and peas, and they do everything they can to cook special meals and eat on Wednesday morning. During the New Year’s Eve, they dye the eggs and visit, and spread the eggs among the children, and finally they will gather together and go to the house of Aq-e-Maql or the head of the tribe.