Iran Historical Sites
Naqsh-e Jahan Square
The whole city of Isfahan is on one side and Naqsh-e Jahan Square on the other side. You know that this site is one of the Iran Historical Sites which is recognized globally and it can be said that it’s title is refers to the whole world. This historic complex, which is a mix of monuments, has a long history. This square and its surroundings, including the Shah Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Ali Qapu’s Building, Qaiserie Market, and many beautiful and old markets were made during the Safavid period. This collection, designed by Shah Abbas I, is modeled on the Nakhchivan Gardens of Azerbaijan and designed by artists such as Mohammad Reza and Ali Akbar Isfahani.
There are all kinds of fun and recreational facilities in this area and by stopping in this place, it will take a long time to visit its whole monuments. Naqsh-e Jahan Square was one of the largest squares in the 11th century and it was used to play polo and other sporting and recreational activities. Now, it is one of the main attractions of tourists and different types of domestic and international social services in Isfahan. A huge flood of tourists are visiting this place every day. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque and Ali Qapu are among the most important historical and tourist attractions in the region. From the other side of the mosque, Imam and Qasiriyah can be considered the most fascinating historical attraction of this square. In 1934 the square became nationally recognized and was registered as one of the first World Heritage Sites in UNESCO in 1979. In the time of Safavid, Shah Abbas selected Isfahan as his capital, and the construction of such a magnificent square for the capital is considered necessary. It was the center of political and religious gathering at that time, and is now regarded as one of the most extraordinary historic works of Isfahan, with high popularity among tourists. There is one of the most important Iran historical sites.
Stars Valley (Dareh Setareha)
There is a beautiful erosion around Qeshm Valley, which has caused its strange appearance. It is believed by the natives that the appearance of this valley is due to the falling of a star from the sky. But it’s actually caused by the volcanoes and rains at this valley. The natives believe that during the night ghosts haunt this place. In the local dialect, this area is called ” STAR OTIDEH”. The flow of air in the valley and the production of sound have caused some people avoid from entering into the valley at night. The presence of these fictional stories and the shape of the cliffs of this region of Qeshm Island has led to the presence of the valley of stars as one of the seven wonders of Qeshm, and most island’s tourists visit this place after their arrival. Almost all of the shapes in this valley are somehow similar to the ones found in the Loot desert. Just like the desert that holds the stars in it, here at night, the stars look closer.
The church, also known as the Armenian Basilica of Isfahan, was built during the reign of Shah Abbas II and from the Church of St. Stephenos in Julfa, Azerbaijan. In terms of gilding, the roof and the interior of the dome and historical paintings are among the most beautiful churches in Isfahan. Inside the church and all the walls around it, decorated with oil painting and water of gold in Iranian style, and images of the life of Christ are influenced by Italian decorations. This church has a huge dome, walls and vaults, and is currently home to the Armenian Caliphate of Iran and India. That’s one of the most important Iran historical sites.
In the old days, due to the lack of high-rise buildings, the first thing that attracted travelers to the city of Isfahan was the Palace of Shah Abbas I or Ālī Qāpū. The great Qapu or the Supreme Qapu is a Turkish term meaning a head on a lofty harbor. The magnificent Ālī Qāpū has 6 floors facing the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque. This multipurpose building is significant for the king because it is a place for important foreign and domestic visits, meetings, and also Shah Abbas and his courtiers horse riding. Polo competitions sit here and it was also considered as an important place for watching these games. Interestingly, in this place, an old pile of copper and wax was made by Sheikh Bahaei, which was filled with water in the tail, and it helped to reflect the image of the beautiful wooden roof of the cupola and the coolness of the air under this wooden roof. It appears that this building has 2 floors from the floor and 5 floors from the back. Other architectural beauty of this mansion is an emergency staircase. That’s one of the most important Iran historical sites.
Afif Abad Garden is one of the most beautiful historic gardens in Iran. This garden was built during the Safavid period and was considered among the most important gardens for the kings. During that time the garden was used by the Safavid kings. This garden is a perfect example of the art of Irish flower. This Garden was built by the famous designer of its time, Mirza Ali Mohammad Khan Ghavamolmolk Domeh. The garden is located in one of the Shiraz important places that also host a royal palace, a museum of old weapons and an Iranian garden, all of which are available for public visit. There is one of the most important Iran historical sites.
One of the first architectural masterpieces of Isfahan during the Safavid period is Si-o-se-pol that was built on the Zayandeh Rood. This bridge is also known as “Allah Verdi Khan Bridge”. In the past, this bridge was called the “Jolfa Bridge” (because it reached the newly built Jolfa at that time). For this reason, the Bridge is known as Allah Verdi Khan who was the commander Bridge during the reign of Shah Abbas I. Si-o-se-pol have a special architecture that fascinate every visitor. In historical books, it is written that the early Si-o-se-pol had forty spans, which, over time were turned into 33 spans. Due to the passage of the water from under this bridge in the past, the lower sections of the bridge was very cool and pleasant. There is one of the most important Iran historical sites.
Zinat Al-Moluk House
Zinat Al-Moluk House or Zinat al-Muluk house is one of the historical and architectural monuments of the Qajar period, which its construction lasted about 12 years. Most of the rooms in this wood house are decorated with pictures of animals, birds and flowers. This house is located at a short distance from the alley of Qavam Garden, and is connected by the underground to the main building of Qavam Gardens, and is actually considered to be the guardian of the Garden of Qavam. Inside this house there are wax sculptures from the celebrities and famous people of Shiraz. Siavash Aria, a researcher of Iranian history and culture, as well as a cultural heritage activist, believes that this historic house has the ability to register on the UNESCO list.
Amir Chakhmaq Complex
This complex includes Khammaq religious site, the Mir Chakhmaq Mosque and a large water storage facility. Mir Chakhmaq Mosque that is also known as the New Mosque in Yazd, was built by the Amir of Jalal-o-Din Chakhmaq Shami, the ruler of Yazd, during the Timurid period.
The construction of this mosque was completed in 1463, and it is ranked as the second important mosque after the Jameh Mosque of Kerman because of its beauty, and importance.
There is a stone on the threshold of the northern part of the mosque, which contains some important information about the construction of this place.
On the sides of the northern corridor, which enters the mosque courtyard from the threshold, fine mesh panels are installed on the mosaic tiles. On the outskirts of the dome, on the margin, the phrase “Al-Sultan of Allah” is repeated in Kofi. The main altar is covered with mosaic tiles and the vaulted facade is beautifully made of Mogharnas. The eastern side of the mosque is an inscription that was written by Muhammad al-Akkim. The dome of the mosque is designed with green tiles and a round it is also inscribed with the Kofi line. That’s one of the most important Iran historical sites.
Baba Tahir Tomb
This building dates back to the Seljuk period and has been renovated several times since then. in the 6th century, an 8-tile brick tower was built on the Baba Tahir grave, and another building was built by Reza Khan Pahlavi. The new building was built by Engineer Foroughi in 1944.
Baba Tahir Tomb was one of the architectural masterpieces in its time, with its main design taken from the architecture of the 7th and 8th centuries.
Chak Chak Temple
Chak Chak Temple is one of the Zoroastrian religious centers. This group has large population in cities like Yazd in Iran. This mountainous area is actually a place of worship of the Zoroastrian religion, which is something like Hajj, which is held from June 24th every year for 4 days. The reason for naming this place is because of the voice of the water drop in the valley. There is such a beautiful and relaxing atmosphere in the mountainous region. There are many myths about this shrine that a woman named Nikbano, the sister of Shahrbanoo and daughter Yazdgerd who escaped from the invaders, took refuge in the cavern and wished God to hide her from the sight of the enemies and Nikbano became hidden from the others.
Chehel sotoun, Qazvin
The Chehel sotoun mansion is one of the most important remains of the Safavid period in Qazvin and the only remaining of the royal palaces of the time of Shah Tahmasb. This palace was constructed based on the architecture of the Turks in two floors and has an area of over 500 square meters. This place is currently being used as a museum of Qazvin. The upper class of the Museum of Calligraphy has very beautiful sash windows.
“Kolah Farangi mansion” along with the Ali Qapu gate is the only remaining monuments of Safavid era in Qazvin. This building was rebuilt during Qajar period by Mohammad Bagher Saad Al-Saltanah, governor of Qazvin, and was named Chehel soton. That’s one of the most important Iran historical sites which is located in Qazvin, city of history and art.
During the Zandieh era, and on the orders of Karim Khan Zand, the place where the soldiers guarded the city during the reign of Karim Khan Zand was located in the Strait that was known as “Tange Allah Akbar” that was renamed to gate of the Quran later. Karim Khan built on both sides of the building rooms for gatekeepers. A small chamber was built on top of this gate, which was the site of keeping Qur’an that was written by Imam Ali.
The goal of Karim Khan Zand was to protect the residents and caravans of the city who were entering and leaving the city by passing under Quran, so that there would be no incident for them. Since then, this place is known as the Qur’an Gate and is considered as one of the most prominent attractions of Shiraz. That’s one of the most important Iran historical sites.
One of the most different building in Bandar Abbas is Hindu temple, which attracts the attention of every newcomer. This place is known as “idol grave” among locals. The Hindu temple was built in 1931 under the rule of Mohammad Hassan Khan Sadalmolk and was built by Hindus in Bandar Abbas.
The architecture of this building is completely Indian, and in this regard, the dome of the Hindu temple is not only like any of the domes of the Persian Gulf, but also differs from all domes throughout the country. Based on the evidence available, Dutch architects have built the temple.
The construction of the Qajar period of the Hindu temple, which was then located in the center of Bandar Abbas, is currently being used as a museum.
Shah Abbasi vault
The Shah Abbasi vault is perhaps the most spectacular historical feature of Tabas, and is one of the historic attractions that has several recurrent nicknames. The most famous of these is the world’s thinnest dam, because its crown is only one meter tall.
To see the Shah Abbasi vault which is also known as Shah Abbasi Dam, you have to travel to a 700-year-old village in the distance of 27 km from Tabas city near the hot spring water of Morteza Ali. A little above the Morteza Ali valley is located in Nahrine Dam, which is an interesting site to visit too; and is very enjoyable. This sturdy and beautiful arch is built in the narrow Valley, which consists of limestone rocks, and is located in the best location in terms of geological conditions. Finally, Shah Abbasi dam is considered one of the most advanced dams in the world.
Gilan Rural Heritage Museum
This museum is a small but real example of the way of life and traditional culture of the villages of Gilan.
It is interesting to know that this spectacular museum was created in connection with the introduction of the Iran historical sites and type of culture and life of people in the open air. In this museum, livelihoods, work, housing, crafts and a variety of spaces in a family area have been restored and displayed. Traditional plays and games, native fruit plants, native trees, market, handicraft workshops, rice farms, tea gardens, peoples of rural village, children’s playgrounds, traditional cafes and restaurants, recreation camp and the Institute of Architecture and Anthropology are among the main features of this this lovely museum. It is suggested that you visit the museum to enjoy from this spectacular scenery.
Alamut Castle is one of the unique Iran historical sites in north of Qazvin province. The local people know the castle of Alamut as “Castle of Hassan”. The castle consists of two parts: western and eastern. The eastern portion is taller and is known as the upper castle or the larger castle. The length of the castle is 120 and its width varies from 10 to 35 meters in different locations.
The only way to enter Alamut Castle is at the end of the northeastern side, a few meters below the eastern tower of the castle. In this place, you can find a tunnel that is 6 meters long.
In the southern foothills of the castle, there is a gutter with a length of approximately 50 meters and a width of 2 meters. In order for the invaders not to get into the castle, it was filled with water.
The castle was burnt down in in 1275 under the instruction of Halaku Khan and after the invasion of Iran. This place was later used as a prison. The excavations that were carried out during the Qajar period for finding treasure have destroyed some parts of the castle. That’s one of the most important Iran historical sites located in Qazvin province.