Desert Iran tours

Dasht-e Lut

Parts of Kerman, South Khorasan and Sistan and Baluchestan are located among the largest desert in the world. The Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut), with an area of over 40,000 square kilometers, is the warmest spot in the world with a maximum of 70 degrees Celsius. You can find a lot of beautiful things in this Desert Iran tours.

Deserts that evaporate and precipitate are made as the result of the third period of geology. It is interesting to know that the desert has many different forms due to the particular vegetation, a small amount of rainfall and life styles. Dasht-e Lut, which was registered in the UNESCO World Records is one of the most sensitive parts of the world, and in some parts of it, there are no living creatures, even bacteria. That’s one of the most famous Desert Iran tours.

About a quarter of Iran’s countries are deserted areas. Dasht-e Lut is a desert in southeastern Iran with a length of about 900 km from north to south and about 300 km west to east. The world’s tallest sandy pyramid is located in this plain. In this vast plain where the earthquakes once had been very common, there are traces of human habitation since the fourth millennium BC. According to discoveries that have been made so far, geologists have been able to find the ancient objects of the third and fourth millennium BC in this area, which indicates the human habitat in this vast plain. The unique plain of Lut has a lot of spectacles in its heart. Every year, countless desert enthusiasts are eager to see these wonders in Dasht-e Lut.

Desert Iran tours

Dasht-e Lut in center of Iran

According to some geologists, the desert has been a shallow deep-watered river in the past, which has dried over time due to warmth. During the period from 2004 to 2009, this region is known as the warmest surface on the planet, as scientists believe the reason for this is the dark and dry color of its surface. The largest population of Dasht-e Lut has been inhabited in the Shahdad area, which in the past was termed “Khaybis”. Among the few vegetation coverings in this area are the Gaza shrubs located 20 km from Shahdad.

The deserts, and especially the plain of Lut, have many attractions. Especially if you are eager to watch the night sky, you certainly will not find a better place than desert areas. Among the attractions of this area is the “Desert Khore” or the salt lake, which is located on the route to Isfahan. Depending on your choice of which point to travel. Shahdad can also be considered as one of the best and most famous attractions in the plain of Lut, which is of natural value, both historically and even culturally, so much that it requires more detail.

Klement Kluti can also be a good choice for travel. It is better to travel to this place with a good and experienced guide. A memorable desert, in addition to having a good guide, requires adequate equipment such as food, tents, fuel, ropes, proper shoes, compass, map and sunglasses. Do not forget about having a sunscreen. With vehicles such as trains or planes, you can travel around most of these attractions, but our advice is to use personal vehicles and, of course, to accompany a guide, as it gives you more time to watch around. Desert Iran tours are the main parts of Iran tourism industrial.

Dasht-e Kavir

Desert Iran tours

Dasht-e Kavir in center of Iran

Dasht-e Kavir, a central desert or huge salt desert is a vast desert located in the heart of Iran’s plateau, 300 km from the east and south east of Tehran province. This desert is about 800 km long and 320 km wide and covers the glades and salt marshes on its surface. Tens of millions of years ago, the desert lake invaded the area, that was surrounded by a small territory that is now located in the center of Iran. After the drying of this lake, a layer of salt in the thickness of 6 to 7 km was formed in the area. That’s one of the most attractive Desert Iran tours.

Over time, the salt layer that appeared on the floor of the lake was buried under the mud layers. But since the density of the salt is less than the density of the rock and the glow, the element gradually pushes its upper layers and eventually penetrates the sediments over millions of years and produces interesting salt domes on the surface. Salt domes of Dasht-e Kavir are among the best examples of this geological phenomenon around the world.

Geologists have identified about 50 domes of salt in the area, some of which have been eroded due to exposure to wind and rain. You can find a lot of beautiful things in this Desert Iran tours.

Although it seems that the salt layer of this desert has a hard surface, but in fact its thickness is only a few centimeters. Under this layer of salt, there is a kind of loose and grazing floral that is called  “Charbe” among Iranian. This type of flower is very sticky and if anyone stuck in it, it would be extremely difficult to get out, so traveling in the desert is considered to be very dangerous.

Dasht-e Kavir is dry and is not suitable for agriculture. Its environment is vacant, and so far only parts of it have been explored. The settlement of people around this desert is limited to just a few dispersed villages. In these villages, buildings are constructed to withstand extreme weather conditions with windproof architectural style. A number of residents of these area have settled in the hills and mountains around the desert. In the mountainous areas, there are several species of wild animals such as Iranian leopard, mountain goat, camel and wild sheep. That’s one of the attractive Desert Iran tours.

Kavir National Park

Desert Iran tours

Kavir National Park in Iran

Kavir National Park is one of the largest and oldest protected areas in Iran, most of which is Garmsar district of Semnan province and small parts of it is located in Tehran, Qom and Isfahan. The area is about 670,000 hectares, with 420,000 hectares of the national park and 250,000 hectares of protected area. The longest Desert Iran tours is for there.

The desert region on the planet is one of the few points that should be protected as a reservoir of the planet. In 1987, with the reduction of parts of the north and the increase of parts in the south, its area reached 670 thousand square kilometers, and in 1982, due to the economic, social and protective features and capabilities of the two parts of the national park with an area of ​​420 thousand hectares, including the Siah Koh Mountain, Nakhjir, Sefid Ab and all the heights and hills of Mahvarha and its adjacent plains and the protected area of ​​the desert with an area of ​​250 thousand hectare including the plains, Siah Pardeh, Pardeh Zard, the heights of Imam and Noreh Khoor Mountain were divided into the independent areas under the management of the General Directorate Environmental protection of Semnan province.

Kavir National Park has a dry climate and most of its precipitation is in the months of May. The average annual rainfall in the region is 150 mm. typically, warm weather continues from early June until the end of the month.

The salt lake, which is the only lake beside the park, is one of the largest saline basins in Iran. The lagoon has a triangular shape, with its head in the north and the lake’s water catchment area of ​​about 2,500 square kilometers and the western border of Kavir National Park. The water of this lake is very salty and at the time of dusk from the summit of the mountain it creates a very beautiful scenery. The salt lake is the intake basin of many of the central rivers in Iran and there are many marshes around it. Although there are no aquatic species in the lake, in winter, a significant number of aquatic migratory birds feed on this lake and surrounding rivers. Years ago, in the summer, a number of flamingos were seen in the southern areas.

Kavir National Park has springs and streams. These include Sefid Ab springs near the Sefid Ab reservoir, the salt water springs near Malek Abad and the Black Sea Mountain near the Black Sea Mountains.

When traveling to this desert, make sure you have enough water, a suitable car for the desert, and enough gasoline, first aid kit, sunscreen, hats and glasses. It is also suggested to go to Kavir National Park on tours. Use this park to enjoy the Kavir National Park’s Caravanserai such as Dirkchin Caravanserai, Bahar Palace, and Martian hills.

Kavir National Park is the only national park in Iran, according to the Department of the environment, there are no human, mineral and animal habitats there.

In fact, The Park is a natural exhibition of wildlife, including the rare wild animals such as goat, wild rabbit, sand cat, Iranian cheetah and various plant communities.

Kavir National Park is a desert that is surrounded by salt lakes, desert rivers, central desert and Garmsar Desert, and is a typical example of Iran’s deserts and steppes.

The animal life of the region was so varied and diverse in the past that it was known as “Little Africa”. Today, even though its wildlife riches are greatly reduced, it still contains nearly all types of wildlife animals in Iran and is therefore one of 9 biosphere reserves in the country.

Kavir National Park was one of the best Iranian zebra habitats in the past, but now its generation has been lost. In the late years of the 1980s, it was estimated that about 800 zebras lived in the Kavir National Park, but after many years, it is still unbelievable that the 800 zebras in the Kavir National Park was completely destroyed in just 5 years! The last herds of these zebras were last  seen in the  Chah-e-Koolgar area in East side of the Park, in 1985. After that we never received a report on the observation of these species again.

The Kavir National Park has the highest annual rainfall compared to a significant portion of the other habitats in Iran, which also results in a proper regeneration of baits. But its generation is in serious danger. In 2009, the cameras of the UPS Conservation Center recorded two photographs of 3 Cheetahs in this region in two rounds. This was the first observation of these animals in this region after 2002. The cameras also captured images of mammals such as Leopard, Hawthorn, Caracal, Wolf, Fox, Jackal, Wild Sheep and Goat Mountain.

The birds of the park include Buckhorn, Sparrows, Swallow and etc. various kinds of birds such as Golden Eagles, and migratory birds such as Flamingo, and Varieties Goose and duck exist in that place.

A total of 355 plant species have been identified in this region, of which 20 species are native to the area. Park plants are of dry and sooty types, which are compatible with the lack of water and soil salinity, and the presence of small leaves and thorns are among the important features of these plants.

From the watersheds of this area, we can mention the Sefid Ab reservoir, the salt waterfall near Malek Abad and the Siah Koh spring near the Siah Koh Mountain. You can find a lot of beautiful things in this Desert Iran tours.

Kavir National Park has one of the highest potential of tourism in Iran. The proximity to Tehran, the pristine sections of it, the high diversity of the animals, and … have caused many tourists to go to the area every year.

The paved road is one of the most amazing historical monuments of the area, making it possible for the caravans to pass through the marshy lands on the margin of the desert plain.

The famous Palace of Bahram, which is actually a Shah Abbasi Caravanserai, and Ain Rashid Caravanserai, the Sieh Kooh rocky water supplying the water needed for the Bahr Palace, the remnants of the “harem building”, the “White Water” Caravansaries and “Lakab” and “Qilooqa” water storage are other historical attractions of this region.

Drought, especially around 2014-2015, caused irreversible damage to the protected area and the Kavir National Park, so that the main population of this region’s wildlife migrated to free areas in Isfahan province to get better water and fodder. Due to lack of adequate protection in free zones, almost all of them were hunted illegally and never returned to the park again. That’s one of the attractive Desert Iran tours.

Jandagh Desert

Desert Iran tours

Jandagh Desert in center of Iran

Jandagh Desert tour is one of the most spectacular Desert Iran tours in Isfahan. If you have not experience the magical desert of Jandagh, you have lost something. A two thousand years old city is located next to the desert, where its beautiful sky is familiar with many astronomers who are interested in astronomy.

The reflection of the wind, the rise and fall of the soil and the bushes and palm trees in the storm takes us to the extreme extent of the desert. As you move away from the city’s fuss and urbanization, the quadruple of these thousand beautiful faces, in a bed of colored soil, begins a memorable experience in the Jandagh Desert.

When you travel to Jandagh, you have the opportunity to experience camel riding, Wildlife with all kinds of goats, ewes, rabbits, and Gooseberries, common foxes and sand foxes, wolves, eagles and, of course, leopard and cheetah have created special charm in this area.

Jandagh in distant times was on the highway connecting the Caravans to Bidestan and the caravans from the south of Iran intending to depart to the Ray and the north of the country before crossing the desert. This is a good fate of the people of Jandagh, who today also host travelers who travel to Mashhad from Isfahan and the southern cities of Iran for pilgrimage. You can find a lot of beautiful things in this Desert Iran tours.

The city of Jandagh, based on the remnants of the past, is about two thousand years old, and Anoushirvan Castle is the only castle in Iran that people still resides in. This castle is one of the largest historical castles in Iran that has risen above its four corners. This historic and spectacular castle has a gateway with special features. If you go to this castle in the early fall, you will experience a pleasant air, and if you walk in the alleys in winter, you will experience a fairly warm climate. The castle has very beautiful and old houses, which still people inhabit in it, but despite its unique features, it is insured and is degraded due to lack of protection and restoration, while it can be restored.